Exodus 29

 

וְזֶה הַדָּבָר אֲשֶׁר־תַּעֲשֶׂה לָהֶם לְקַדֵּשׁ אֹתָם לְכַהֵן לִי לְקַח פַּר אֶחָד בֶּן־בָּקָר וְאֵילִם שְׁנַיִם תְּמִיםִם    29:1

Exod. 29:1  “And this is the thing that you shall do to them to hallow them to be a priest for Me: Take one bull calf and two rams without blemishes,

וְלֶחֶם מַצֹּות וְחַלֹּת מַצֹּת בְּלוּלֹת בַּשֶּׁמֶן וּרְקִיקֵי מַצֹּות מְשֻׁחִים בַּשָּׁמֶן סֹלֶת חִטִּים תַּעֲשֶׂה אֹתָם   29:2

Exod. 29:2  and unleavened bread, and unleavened cakes mingled with oil, and unleavened wafers rubbed with oil.  You shall make them of fine wheat flour.”                [Return to Exod. 23:18]

וְנָתַתָּ אֹותָם עַל־סַל אֶחָד וְהִקְרַבְתָּ אֹתָם בַּסָּל וְאֶת־הַפָּר וְאֵת שְׁנֵי הָאֵילִם   29:3

Exod. 29:3  “And you shall put them together on one basket and bring them on the basket, and the bullock and the two rams.”

וְאֶת־אַהֲרֹן וְאֶת־בָּנָיו תַּקְרִיב אֶל־פֶּתַח אֹהֶל מֹועֵד וְרָחַצְתָּ אֹתָם בַּמָּיִם   29:4

Exod. 29:4  “And you shall bring Aaron and his sons to the entrance of the tent of meeting and you shall wash them with water.”

It’s intriguing as to where Moses was to get the water.  The Lord would prescribe a laver (wash basin) in the courtyard later, but that doesn’t happen until Chapter 30.  I presume that the water would have to have been sanctified somehow before being used to wash Aaron and his sons.  This might have been common knowledge at the time or completely understood by Moses, so the scribe might have omitted these details.

וְלָקַחְתָּ אֶת־הַבְּגָדִים וְהִלְבַּשְׁתָּ אֶת־אַהֲרֹן אֶת־הַכֻּתֹּנֶת וְאֵת מְעִיל הָאֵפֹד וְאֶת־הָאֵפֹד וְאֶת־הַחֹשֶׁן   29:5

וְאָפַדְתָּ לֹו בְּחֵשֶׁב הָאֵפֹד

Exod. 29:5  “And you shall take the garments and clothe Aaron with the tunic and the robe of the ephod and the ephod and the breastplate, and gird him with the woven band of the ephod.”

וְשַׂמְתָּ הַמִּצְנֶפֶת עַל־רֹאשֹׁו וְנָתַתָּ אֶת־נֵזֶר הַקֹּדֶשׁ עַל־הַמִּצְנָפֶת   29:6

Exod. 29:6  “And you shall place the miter on his head and put the holy crown over the miter.”

I am quite certain that the holy crown mentioned here is the inscribed gold plate that the Lord described in Exod. 28:36.

וְלָקַחְתָּ אֶת־שֶׁמֶן הַמִּשְׁחָה וְיָצַקְתָּ עַל־רֹאשֹׁו וּמָשַׁחְתָּ אֹתֹו   29:7

Exod. 29:7  “And you shall take the oil of anointing and pour upon his head and anoint him.”

וְאֶת־בָּנָיו תַּקְרִיב וְהִלְבַּשְׁתָּם כֻּתֳּנֹת   29:8

Exod. 29:8  “You shall bring his sons and put tunics on them.”

וְחָגַרְתָּ אֹתָם אַבְנֵט אַהֲרֹן וּבָנָיו וְחָבַשְׁתָּ לָהֶם מִגְבָּעֹת וְהָיְתָה לָהֶם כְּהֻנָּה לְחֻקַּת עֹולָם וּמִלֵּאתָ   29:9

יַד־אַהֲרֹן וְיַד־בָּנָיו

Exod. 29:9  “And you shall put a sash on them and wrap bonnets for them, that the priesthood shall be theirs, Aaron and his sons, as an eternal statute; so you shall empower Aaron and his descendants.”

Nowhere are we told that the tunics of Aaron’s sons have bells and pomegranates on their hems.  Therefore, I believe they would not be permitted to enter the tabernacle, except to take it down and put it back up.  Their normal work would be in the courtyard and beyond.  Thus this restriction would apply to all future priests other that the high priest.  In this verse I again translated, for the third time, the last word, wyn"B, as his descendants.  Notice that the first time the word appears in the verse (fifth word), I translated it in the traditional way.          [Return to Exod. 30:19]

וְהִקְרַבְתָּ אֶת־הַפָּר לִפְנֵי אֹהֶל מֹועֵד וְסָמַךְ אַהֲרֹן וּבָנָיו אֶת־יְדֵיהֶם עַל־רֹאשׁ הַפָּר   29:10

Exod. 29:10   “And you shall bring the bullock before the tent of meeting, and Aaron and his sons shall lay their hands on the head of the bullock.”

וְשָׁחַטְתָּ אֶת־הַפָּר לִפְנֵי יְהוָה פֶּתַח אֹהֶל מֹועֵד   29:11

Exod. 29:11   “And you shall slaughter the bullock before the Lord at the entrance of the tent of meeting.”

וְלָקַחְתָּ מִדַּם הַפָּר וְנָתַתָּה עַל־קַרְנֹת הַמִּזְבֵּחַ בְּאֶצְבָּעֶךָ וְאֶת־כָּל־הַדָּם תִּשְׁפֹּךְ אֶל־יְסֹוד הַמִּזְבֵּחַ   29:12

Exod. 29:12   “And you shall take some of the blood of the bullock and put it on the horns of the altar with your finger, and you shall pour out all the blood at the base of the altar.”

וְלָקַחְתָּ אֶת־כָּל־הַחֵלֶב הַמְכַסֶּה אֶת־הַקֶּרֶב וְאֵת הַיֹּתֶרֶת עַל־הַכָּבֵד וְאֵת שְׁתֵּי הַכְּלָיֹת וְאֶת־הַחֵלֶב   29:13

אֲשֶׁר עֲלֵיהֶן וְהִקְטַרְתָּ הַמִּזְבֵּחָה

Exod. 29:13   “And you shall take all the fat covering the inside and the protrusion over the liver and the two kidneys and the fat that is on them, and make smoke on the altar.”

The word for altar is masculine, but the word appearing here is feminine in form, because of the final letter heh.  Wherever it appears spelled this way in the bible, I suspect it has a colloquial meaning, on the altar, because the word “on” is not present in the Hebrew.  Except for two instances in 2Chronicles, the word in feminine form appears numerous times, but only in Exodus, Leviticus, and Numbers.

וְאֶת־בְּשַׂר הַפָּר וְאֶת־עֹרֹו וְאֶת־פִּרְשֹׁו תִּשְׂרֹף בָּאֵשׁ מִחוּץ לַמַּחֲנֶה חַטָּאת הוּא   29:14

Exod. 29:14   “But you shall burn the flesh of the bullock and its skin and its dung in a fire outside of the camp.  It will be a sin offering.”

Although the sages seem to be certain about what constituted the sin offering, I profess doubts about their assurance.  It’s hard for me to believe a sin offering was offered outside the court of the tent of meeting.  I would expect that the pronoun it in the last part of the verse refers back to the bullock mentioned in vss. 29:11 and 12, not to the flesh, skin, and dung of this verse.

וְאֶת־הָאַיִל הָאֶחָד תִּקָּח וְסָמְכוּ אַהֲרֹן וּבָנָיו אֶת־יְדֵיהֶם עַל־רֹאשׁ הָאָיִל   29:15

Exod. 29:15   “And you shall take the first ram, and Aaron and his sons shall lay their hands upon the head of the ram.”

וְשָׁחַטְתָּ אֶת־הָאָיִל וְלָקַחְתָּ אֶת־דָּמֹו וְזָרַקְתָּ עַל־הַמִּזְבֵּחַ סָבִיב   29:16

Exod. 29:16   “And you shall slaughter the ram and take and dash its blood against the altar all around.”

וְאֶת־הָאַיִל תְּנַתֵּחַ לִנְתָחָיו וְרָחַצְתָּ קִרְבֹּו וּכְרָעָיו וְנָתַתָּ עַל־נְתָחָיו וְעַל־רֹאשֹׁו   29:17

Exod. 29:17   “And you shall cut up the ram to its parts and wash its innards and its legs, and put with its pieces and with its head.”

וְהִקְטַרְתָּ אֶת־כָּל־הָאַיִל הַמִּזְבֵּחָה עֹלָה הוּא לַיהוָה רֵיחַ נִיחֹוחַ אִשֶּׁה לַיהוָה הוּא   29:18

Exod. 29:18   “And you shall make the whole ram smoke on the altar; it is a burnt offering to the Lord; it is the sweet scent of a fire offering to the Lord.”

וְלָקַחְתָּ אֵת הָאַיִל הַשֵּׁנִי וְסָמַךְ אַהֲרֹן וּבָנָיו אֶת־יְדֵיהֶם עַל־רֹאשׁ הָאָיִל   29:19

Exod. 29:19   “And you shall take the second ram, and Aaron, with his sons, shall lay their hands on the head of the ram.”

וְשָׁחַטְתָּ אֶת־הָאַיִל וְלָקַחְתָּ מִדָּמֹו וְנָתַתָּה עַל־תְּנוּךְ אֹזֶן אַהֲרֹן וְעַל־תְּנוּךְ אֹזֶן בָּנָיו הַיְמָנִית וְעַל־   29:20

בֹּהֶן יָדָם הַיְמָנִית וְעַל־בֹּהֶן רַגְלָם הַיְמָנִית וְזָרַקְתָּ אֶת־הַדָּם עַל־הַמִּזְבֵּחַ סָבִיב

Exod. 29:20   “And you shall slaughter the ram, and take some of its blood and put it on the tip of the ear of Aaron and on the tip of the ear of his sons on the right, and on the thumb of their right hand and on the big toe of their right foot; then you shall dash the blood against the altar all around.”

 וְלָקַחְתָּ מִן־הַדָּם אֲשֶׁר עַל־הַמִּזְבֵּחַ וּמִשֶּׁמֶן הַמִּשְׁחָה וְהִזֵּיתָ עַל־אַהֲרֹן וְעַל־בְּגָדָיו וְעַל־בָּנָיו וְעַל־  29:21

בִּגְדֵי בָנָיו אִתֹּו וְקָדַשׁ הוּא וּבְגָדָיו וּבָנָיו וּבִגְדֵי בָנָיו אִתֹּו

Exod. 29:21   “And you shall take some of the blood that is beside the altar and some of the oil of anointing and sprinkle it over Aaron and on his garments and over his sons and on the garments of his sons with him, so he and his garments will be hallowed, and his sons and the garments of his sons with him.”

וְלָקַחְתָּ מִן־הָאַיִל הַחֵלֶב וְהָאַלְיָה וְאֶת־הַחֵלֶב הַמְכַסֶּה אֶת־הַקֶּרֶב וְאֵת יֹתֶרֶת הַכָּבֵד וְאֵת שְׁתֵּי    29:22

הַכְּלָיֹת וְאֶת־הַחֵלֶב אֲשֶׁר עֲלֵהֶן וְאֵת שֹׁוק הַיָּמִין כִּי אֵיל מִלֻּאִים הוּא

Exod. 29:22   “And you shall take some of the fat of the ram and the fat tail and the fat covering the insides and the protrusion of the liver and the two kidneys and the fat that is on them and the right thigh, for it will be a ram of consecration,                                       [Return to Levi. 9:19]

וְכִכַּר לֶחֶם אַחַת וַחַלַּת לֶחֶם שֶׁמֶן אַחַת וְרָקִיק אֶחָד מִסַּל הַמַּצֹּות אֲשֶׁר לִפְנֵי יְהוָה   29:23

Exod. 29:23   and one loaf of bread and one cake of oiled bread and one wafer from the basket of unleavened bread that will be before the Lord.”                           [Return to Exod. 23:18]

וְשַׂמְתָּ הַכֹּל עַל כַּפֵּי אַהֲרֹן וְעַל כַּפֵּי בָנָיו וְהֵנַפְתָּ אֹתָם תְּנוּפָה לִפְנֵי יְהוָה   29:24

Exod. 29:24   “And you shall extend everything over the hands of Aaron and over the hands of his sons and wave them, a wave offering before the Lord.”

וְלָקַחְתָּ אֹתָם מִיָּדָם וְהִקְטַרְתָּ הַמִּזְבֵּחָה עַל־הָעֹלָה לְרֵיחַ נִיחֹוחַ לִפְנֵי יְהוָה אִשֶּׁה הוּא לַיהוָה   29:25

Exod. 29:25   “And you shall take them from their hands and make smoke together with the burnt offering on the altar for a sweet scent before the Lord;  it is a fire offering to the Lord.”

וְלָקַחְתָּ אֶת־הֶחָזֶה מֵאֵיל הַמִּלֻּאִים אֲשֶׁר לְאַהֲרֹן וְהֵנַפְתָּ אֹתֹו תְּנוּפָה לִפְנֵי יְהוָה וְהָיָה לְךָ לְמָנָה   29:26

Exod. 29:26   “And you shall take the breast from the ram of consecration that is for Aaron and wave it, a wave offering before the Lord, and it shall be yours for a portion.”

וְקִדַּשְׁתָּ אֵת חֲזֵה הַתְּנוּפָה וְאֵת שֹׁוק הַתְּרוּמָה אֲשֶׁר הוּנַף וַאֲשֶׁר הוּרָם מֵאֵיל הַמִּלֻּאִים מֵאֲשֶׁר    29:27

לְאַהֲרֹן וּמֵאֲשֶׁר לְבָנָיו

Exod. 29:27   “And you shall sanctify the breast of the wave offering and the thigh of the heave offering that is waved and that is heaved up from the ram of consecration from which will be Aaron’s and from which will be his sons’.”

וְהָיָה לְאַהֲרֹן וּלְבָנָיו לְחָק־עֹולָם מֵאֵת בְּנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל כִּי תְרוּמָה הוּא וּתְרוּמָה יִהְיֶה מֵאֵת בְּנֵי־   29:28

יִשְׂרָאֵל מִזִּבְחֵי שַׁלְמֵיהֶם תְּרוּמָתָם לַיהוָה

Exod. 29:28   “And it shall be for Aaron and for his sons for an everlasting due from the children of Israel, for it is a heave offering.  And a heave offering shall be from the children of Israel from their sacrifices of peace offerings, their heave offerings to the Lord.”

וּבִגְדֵי הַקֹּדֶשׁ אֲשֶׁר לְאַהֲרֹן יִהְיוּ לְבָנָיו אַחֲרָיו לְמָשְׁחָה בָהֶם וּלְמַלֵּא־בָם אֶת־יָדָם   29:29

Exod. 29:29   “And the garments of holiness that are Aaron’s shall be his sons’ after him, to be anointed by them and to be empowered by them.”

שִׁבְעַת יָמִים יִלְבָּשָׁם הַכֹּהֵן תַּחְתָּיו מִבָּנָיו אֲשֶׁר יָבֹא אֶל־אֹהֶל מֹועֵד לְשָׁרֵת בַּקֹּדֶשׁ   29:30

Exod. 29:30   “The priest in his stead from his sons, who will come in to the tent of meeting to minister in the holy place, shall put them on seven days.”

The phrase “The priest in his stead from his sons” is an allusion to all subsequent High Priests.

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וְאֵת אֵיל הַמִּלֻּאִים תִּקָּח וּבִשַּׁלְתָּ אֶת־בְּשָׂרֹו בְּמָקֹם קָדֹשׁ   29:31

Exod. 29:31   “And you shall take the ram of consecration and cook its flesh in a holy place.”

The holy place of this verse must have been designated to Moses, but we are not to learn this information.  I must assume that it was located in the courtyard.

וְאָכַל אַהֲרֹן וּבָנָיו אֶת־בְּשַׂר הָאַיִל וְאֶת־הַלֶּחֶם אֲשֶׁר בַּסָּל פֶּתַח אֹהֶל מֹועֵד   29:32

Exod. 29:32   “And Aaron shall eat the flesh of the ram, and his sons, and the bread that is in the basket at the entrance of the tent of meeting.”

וְאָכְלוּ אֹתָם אֲשֶׁר כֻּפַּר בָּהֶם לְמַלֵּא אֶת־יָדָם לְקַדֵּשׁ אֹתָם וְזָר לֹא־יֹאכַל כִּי־קֹדֶשׁ הֵם   29:33

Exod. 29:33   “And they shall eat them as soon as atonement is made with them to empower them to sanctify them.  But no other shall eat, for they are holy.”

וְאִם־יִוָּתֵר מִבְּשַׂר הַמִּלֻּאִים וּמִן־הַלֶּחֶם עַד־הַבֹּקֶר וְשָׂרַפְתָּ אֶת־הַנֹּותָר בָּאֵשׁ לֹא יֵאָכֵל כִּי־קֹדֶש   29:34

הוּא

Exod. 29:34   “And if some of the flesh of the consecration should remain, and some of the bread, until the morning, then you shall burn the remainder in fire.  It shall not be eaten, for it is holy.”

וְעָשִׂיתָ לְאַהֲרֹן וּלְבָנָיו כָּכָה כְּכֹל אֲשֶׁר־צִוִּיתִי אֹתָכָה שִׁבְעַת יָמִים תְּמַלֵּא יָדָם   29:35

Exod. 29:35   “And it shall be done to Aaron and to his sons thus according to all that I have commanded you.  Seven days you shall empower them.”

Very interesting!  The sanctification is to continue for seven straight days.  That includes the intervening, beginning or ending Sabbath (depending on which day of the week the process was started).  Such holy activities were not suspended on the Sabbath.  That is rather significant.  I will have some remarks about this later.

וּפַר חַטָּאת תַּעֲשֶׂה לַיֹּום עַל־הַכִּפֻּרִים וְחִטֵּאתָ עַל־הַמִּזְבֵּחַ בְּכַפֶּרְךָ עָלָיו וּמָשַׁחְתָּ אֹתֹו לְקַדְּשֹׁו   29:36

Exod. 29:36   “And you shall sacrifice the bullock of the sin offering every day with the atonement offerings and you shall purify on the altar upon your making atonement with it.  You shall anoint it to sanctify it.”

שִׁבְעַת יָמִים תְּכַפֵּר עַל־הַמִּזְבֵּחַ וְקִדַּשְׁתָּ אֹתֹו וְהָיָה הַמִּזְבֵּחַ קֹדֶשׁ קָדָשִׁים כָּל־הַנֹּגֵעַ בַּמִּזְבֵּחַ   29:37

יִקְדָּשׁ

Exod. 29:37   “Seven days you shall make atonement for the altar and sanctify it, so the altar will be a holy place of holy things.  Anything touching the altar must be holy.”

וְזֶה אֲשֶׁר תַּעֲשֶׂה עַל־הַמִּזְבֵּחַ כְּבָשִׂים בְּנֵי־שָׁנָה שְׁנַיִם לַיֹּום תָּמִיד   29:38

Exod. 29:38   “And this is what you shall offer on the altar:  Lamb yearlings, two every day continually.”

אֶת־הַכֶּבֶשׂ הָאֶחָד תַּעֲשֶׂה בַבֹּקֶר וְאֵת הַכֶּבֶשׂ הַשֵּׁנִי תַּעֲשֶׂה בֵּין הָעַרְבָּיִם   29:39

Exod. 29:39   “The first lamb you shall offer in the morning and the second lamb you shall offer at dusk.”

וְעִשָּׂרֹן סֹלֶת בָּלוּל בְּשֶׁמֶן כָּתִית רֶבַע הַהִין וְנֵסֶךְ רְבִעִית הַהִין יָיִן לַכֶּבֶשׂ הָאֶחָד  29:40

Exod. 29:40   “And a tenth of an ephah of fine flour mingled with a fourth of a hin of pure oil, and a fourth of a hin of a drink offering of wine, with the first lamb.”

וְאֵת הַכֶּבֶשׂ הַשֵּׁנִי תַּעֲשֶׂה בֵּין הָעַרְבָּיִם כְּמִנְחַת הַבֹּקֶר וּכְנִסְכָּהּ תַּעֲשֶׂה־לָּהּ לְרֵיחַ נִיחֹחַ אִשֶּׁה   29:41

לַיהוָה

Exod. 29:41   “And the second lamb you shall offer at dusk; you shall do to it like the offering of the morning and like the drink offering, for a sweet scent, a burnt offering to the Lord.”

                                                                                                                                    [Return to Numb. 28:31]

עֹלַת תָּמִיד לְדֹרֹתֵיכֶם פֶּתַח אֹהֶל־מֹועֵד לִפְנֵי יְהוָה אֲשֶׁר אִוָּעֵד לָכֶם שָׁמָּה לְדַבֵּר אֵלֶיךָ שָׁם   29:42

Exod. 29:42   “A burnt offering shall be continually offered throughout your generations at the entrance of the tent of meeting before the Lord, where I will meet you to speak to you there.”

וְנֹעַדְתִּי שָׁמָּה לִבְנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל וְנִקְדַּשׁ בִּכְבֹדִי   29:43

Exod. 29:43   “And I will meet there for the children of Israel, and it shall be sanctified with My glory.”

וְקִדַּשְׁתִּי אֶת־אֹהֶל מֹועֵד וְאֶת־הַמִּזְבֵּחַ וְאֶת־אַהֲרֹן וְאֶת־בָּנָיו אֲקַדֵּשׁ לְכַהֵן לִי   29:44

Exod. 29:44   “So will I sanctify the tent of meeting and the altar.  And I will sanctify Aaron and his sons to minister as priests to Me.”

וְשָׁכַנְתִּי בְּתֹוךְ בְּנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל וְהָיִיתִי לָהֶם לֵאלֹהִים   29:45

Exod. 29:45   “And I will dwell in the midst of the children of Israel and be their God.”

וְיָדְעוּ כִּי אֲנִי יְהוָה אֱלֹהֵיהֶם אֲשֶׁר הֹוצֵאתִי אֹתָם מֵאֶרֶץ מִצְרַיִם לְשָׁכְנִי בְתֹוכָם אֲנִי יְהוָה   29:46

אֱלֹהֵיהֶם

Exod. 29:46   “And they will know that I am the Lord, their God, Who brought them out of the land of Egypt to dwell in their midst.”

                                                             “I am the Lord, their God.”

Torah Commandments in this Chapter

102. The heave offering from the peace offerings shall be an everlasting due for

        Aaron and his descendants.   V. 29:28

103. The high priests after Aaron shall wear the holy garments for seven days

        before ministering in the holy place.   V. 29:30

104. A burnt offering shall be offered at the entrance of the tent of meeting/Temple

        every day throughout your generations.   V. 29:42

 

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