1Kings 10

 

וּמַלְכַּת־שְׁבָא שֹׁמַעַת אֶת־שֵׁמַע שְׁלֹמֹה לְשֵׁם יְהוָה וַתָּבֹא לְנַסֹּתוֹ בְּחִידוֹת׃   10:1

1Kin. 10:1   And the queen of Sheba regarded the fame of Solomon by the name of the Lord and she came to test him with difficult questions.

וַתָּבֹא יְרוּשָׁלְַמָה בְּחַיִל כָּבֵד מְאֹד גְּמַלִּים נֹשְׂאִים בְּשָׂמִים וְזָהָב רַב־מְאֹד וְאֶבֶן יְקָרָה וַתָּבֹא   10:2 אֶל־שְׁלֹמֹה וַתְּדַבֵּר אֵלָיו אֵת כָּל־אֲשֶׁר הָיָה עִם־לְבָבָהּ׃

1Kin. 10:2   And she came to Jerusalem with a very great train of camels bearing exceedingly much spices and gold, and precious stones, and she came to Solomon and she told all that was on her heart to him.

וַיַּגֶּד־לָהּ שְׁלֹמֹה אֶת־כָּל־דְּבָרֶיהָ לֹא־הָיָה דָּבָר נֶעְלָם מִן־הַמֶּלֶךְ אֲשֶׁר לֹא הִגִּיד לָהּ׃   10:3

1Kin. 10:3   Then Solomon declared to her all her answers.  There was no answer hidden from the king that he did not explain to her.

וַתֵּרֶא מַלְכַּת־שְׁבָא אֵת כָּל־חָכְמַת שְׁלֹמֹה וְהַבַּיִת אֲשֶׁר בָּנָה׃   10:4

1Kin. 10:4   Then the queen of Sheba saw all the wisdom of Solomon, and the house that he had built,

וּמַאֲכַל שֻׁלְחָנוֹ וּמוֹשַׁב עֲבָדָיו וּמַעֲמַד מְשָׁרְתוֹ וּמַלְבֻּשֵׁיהֶם וּמַשְׁקָיו וְעֹלָתוֹ אֲשֶׁר יַעֲלֶה בֵּית יְהוָה   10:5 וְלֹא־הָיָה בָהּ עוֹד רוּח׃ַ

1Kin. 10:5   and the food of his table and the housing of his servants, and the position of his officers and their vestments, and his cup bearers, and his burnt offerings that he would offer the house of the Lord, and there was no more breath in her.

וַתֹּאמֶר אֶל־הַמֶּלֶךְ אֱמֶת הָיָה הַדָּבָר אֲשֶׁר שָׁמַעְתִּי בְּאַרְצִי עַל־דְּבָרֶיךָ וְעַל־חָכְמָתֶךָ׃   10:6

1Kin. 10:6   And she said to the king, “The report that I heard in my land about your deeds and about your wisdom was true.”

וְלֹא־הֶאֱמַנְתִּי לַדְּבָרִים עַד אֲשֶׁר־בָּאתִי וַתִּרְאֶינָה עֵינַי וְהִנֵּה לֹא־הֻגַּד־לִי הַחֵצִי הוֹסַפְתָּ חָכְמָה וָטוֹב   10:7 אֶל־הַשְּׁמוּעָה אֲשֶׁר שָׁמָעְתִּי׃

1Kin. 10:7   “But I had no faith in the reports until when I came, and my eyes saw it, and behold, half was not told to me.  You have added wisdom and prosperity to the fame of which I have heard.”

אַשְׁרֵי אֲנָשֶׁיךָ אַשְׁרֵי עֲבָדֶיךָ אֵלֶּה הָעֹמְדִים לְפָנֶיךָ תָּמִיד הַשֹּׁמְעִים אֶת־חָכְמָתֶךָ׃   10:8

1Kin. 10:8   “Happy are your men, happy are your servants, those who are standing before you daily hearing your wisdom.”                                                           [Return to 1Kin. 12:4]

יְהִי יְהוָה אֱלֹהֶיךָ בָּרוּךְ אֲשֶׁר חָפֵץ בְּךָ לְתִתְּךָ עַל־כִּסֵּא יִשְׂרָאֵל בְּאַהֲבַת יְהוָה אֶת־יִשְׂרָאֵל לְעֹלָם   10:9 וַיְשִׂימְךָ לְמֶלֶךְ לַעֲשׂוֹת מִשְׁפָּט וּצְדָקָה׃

1Kin. 10:9   “May the Lord, your God, be blessed, Who delights in you to set you on the throne of Israel, the Lord loving Israel forever, and He made you to be king to do justice and righteousness.”

וַתִּתֵּן לַמֶּלֶךְ מֵאָה וְעֶשְׂרִים כִּכַּר זָהָב וּבְשָׂמִים הַרְבֵּה מְאֹד וְאֶבֶן יְקָרָה לֹא־בָא כַבֹּשֶׂם הַהוּא עוֹד   10:10 לָרֹב אֲשֶׁר־נָתְנָה מַלְכַּת־שְׁבָא לַמֶּלֶךְ שְׁלֹמֹה׃

1Kin. 10:10   And she gave a hundred and twenty talents of gold to the king, and very many spices, and stones of value.  Such spices as these did not come in more abundance that the queen of Sheba gave to king Solomon.

וְגַם אֳנִי חִירָם אֲשֶׁר־נָשָׂא זָהָב מֵאוֹפִיר הֵבִיא מֵאֹפִיר עֲצֵי אַלְמֻגִּים הַרְבֵּה מְאֹד וְאֶבֶן יְקָרָה׃   10:11

1Kin. 10:11   And the navy of Hiram, which carried the gold from Ophir, also brought in from Ophir very many timbers of sandalwood and precious stone.                      [Return to 2Chr. 9:10]

וַיַּעַשׂ הַמֶּלֶךְ אֶת־עֲצֵי הָאַלְמֻגִּים מִסְעָד לְבֵית־יְהוָה וּלְבֵית הַמֶּלֶךְ וְכִנֹּרוֹת וּנְבָלִים לַשָּׁרִים לֹא   10:12

  בָא־כֵן עֲצֵי אַלְמֻגִּים וְלֹא נִרְאָה עַד הַיּוֹם הַזֶּה׃

1Kin. 10:12   And the king made the timbers of sandalwood pillars for the house of the Lord and for the house of the king, and harps and psalteries for the singers.  Such timber of sandalwood did not come and was not seen up to this day.                                    [Return to 2Chr. 9:11]

וְהַמֶּלֶךְ שְׁלֹמֹה נָתַן לְמַלְכַּת־שְׁבָא אֶת־כָּל־חֶפְצָהּ אֲשֶׁר שָׁאָלָה מִלְּבַד אֲשֶׁר נָתַן־לָהּ כְּיַד הַמֶּלֶךְ   10:13 שְׁלֹמֹה וַתֵּפֶן וַתֵּלֶךְ לְאַרְצָהּ הִיא וַעֲבָדֶיהָ׃

1Kin. 10:13   And king Solomon gave to the queen of Sheba all she desired that she requested, beside what he gave to her according to the power of king Solomon.  And she turned and went to her land, she and her servants.

וַיְהִי מִשְׁקַל הַזָּהָב אֲשֶׁר־בָּא לִשְׁלֹמֹה בְּשָׁנָה אֶחָת שֵׁשׁ מֵאוֹת שִׁשִּׁים וָשֵׁשׁ כִּכַּר זָהָב׃   10:14

1Kin. 10:14   Now the weight of gold that came to Solomon annually was six hundred sixty-six talents of gold,

לְבַד מֵאַנְשֵׁי הַתָּרִים וּמִסְחַר הָרֹכְלִים וְכָל־מַלְכֵי הָעֶרֶב וּפַחוֹת הָאָרֶץ׃   10:15

1Kin. 10:15   beside from the men of trade and of the traffic of the traders and of all the kings of the mingled and of the governors of the country.

וַיַּעַשׂ הַמֶּלֶךְ שְׁלֹמֹה מָאתַיִם צִנָּה זָהָב שָׁחוּט שֵׁשׁ־מֵאוֹת זָהָב יַעֲלֶה עַל־הַצִּנָּה הָאֶחָת׃   10:16

1Kin. 10:16   And king Solomon made two hundred targets of hammered gold.  Six hundred shekels of gold made up for one target.

וּשְׁלֹשׁ־מֵאוֹת מָגִנִּים זָהָב שָׁחוּט שְׁלֹשֶׁת מָנִים זָהָב יַעֲלֶה עַל־הַמָּגֵן הָאֶחָת וַיִּתְּנֵם הַמֶּלֶךְ בֵּית יַעַר   10:17 הַלְּבָנוֹן׃

1Kin. 10:17   And three hundred shields of hammered gold; three pounds of gold made up for one shield.  And the king put them in the forest house of Lebanon.

The seventh word in the Hebrew is the plural term manim, translated as pounds, but it does not correspond to the modern English weight.  It is supposed to have been a weight of 50 shekels.  Therefore, the weight of gold of each shield was 150 shekels.                                                                                   [Return to 2Chr. 9:16]

וַיַּעַשׂ הַמֶּלֶךְ כִּסֵּא־שֵׁן גָּדוֹל וַיְצַפֵּהוּ זָהָב מוּפָז׃   10:18

1Kin. 10:18   And the king made a great throne of ivory and laid over it the finest gold.

שֵׁשׁ מַעֲלוֹת לַכִּסֵּה וְרֹאשׁ־עָגֹל לַכִּסֵּה מֵאַחֲרָיו וְיָדֹת מִזֶּה וּמִזֶּה אֶל־מְקוֹם הַשָּׁבֶת וּשְׁנַיִם אֲרָיוֹת   10:19 עֹמְדִים אֵצֶל הַיָּדוֹת׃

1Kin. 10:19   The throne had six steps and the throne had a round top behind it, and arms on each side to the place of the seat, and two lions standing by the arms.

וּשְׁנֵים עָשָׂר אֲרָיִים עֹמְדִים שָׁם עַל־שֵׁשׁ הַמַּעֲלוֹת מִזֶּה וּמִזֶּה לֹא־נַעֲשָׂה כֵן לְכָל־מַמְלָכוֹת׃   10:20

1Kin. 10:20   And twelve lions were standing there on the six steps on each side.  Such had not been made for any of the kingdoms.

וְכֹל כְּלֵי מַשְׁקֵה הַמֶּלֶךְ שְׁלֹמֹה זָהָב וְכֹל כְּלֵי בֵּית־יַעַר הַלְּבָנוֹן זָהָב סָגוּר אֵין כֶּסֶף לֹא נֶחְשָׁב בִּימֵי   10:21 שְׁלֹמֹה לִמְאוּמָה׃

1Kin. 10:21   And all of the drinking vessels of king Solomon were of gold, and all the vessels of the forest house of Lebanon were of pure gold.  Nothing was of silver.  It was not considered to be something during the days of Solomon.

כִּי אֳנִי תַרְשִׁישׁ לַמֶּלֶךְ בַּיָּם עִם אֳנִי חִירָם אַחַת לְשָׁלֹשׁ שָׁנִים תָּבוֹא אֳנִי תַרְשִׁישׁ נֹשְׂאֵת זָהָב וָכֶסֶף   10:22 שֶׁנְהַבִּים וְקֹפִים וְתֻכִּיִּים׃

1Kin. 10:22   For the navy of the king's at Tarshish was at sea with the navy of Hiram.  One of three years the navy of Tarshish would come carrying gold and silver, elephant tusks, and apes, and peacocks.

וַיִּגְדַּל הַמֶּלֶךְ שְׁלֹמֹה מִכֹּל מַלְכֵי הָאָרֶץ לְעֹשֶׁר וּלְחָכְמָה׃   10:23

1Kin. 10:23   So king Solomon was greater than all the kings of the earth in wealth and in wisdom.

וְכָל־הָאָרֶץ מְבַקְשִׁים אֶת־פְּנֵי שְׁלֹמֹה לִשְׁמֹעַ אֶת־חָכְמָתוֹ אֲשֶׁר־נָתַן אֱלֹהִים בְּלִבּוֹ׃   10:24

1Kin. 10:24   And all of the earth were seeking the presence of Solomon to hear his wisdom that God had put in his heart.

וְהֵמָּה מְבִאִים אִישׁ מִנְחָתוֹ כְּלֵי כֶסֶף וּכְלֵי זָהָב וּשְׂלָמוֹת וְנֵשֶׁק וּבְשָׂמִים סוּסִים וּפְרָדִים דְּבַר־שָׁנָה   10:25 בְּשָׁנָה׃

1Kin. 10:25   And they were each bringing his present of vessels of silver and vessels of gold and garments and armor and spices, horses, and mules, a certain rate, year by year.

וַיֶּאֱסֹף שְׁלֹמֹה רֶכֶב וּפָרָשִׁים וַיְהִי־לוֹ אֶלֶף וְאַרְבַּע־מֵאוֹת רֶכֶב וּשְׁנֵים־עָשָׂר אֶלֶף פָּרָשִׁים וַיַּנְחֵם   10:26 בְּעָרֵי הָרֶכֶב וְעִם־הַמֶּלֶךְ בִּירוּשָׁלִָם׃

1Kin. 10:26   And Solomon gathered together chariots and horsemen, and he had a thousand and four hundred chariots and twelve thousand horsemen, and he put them in the cities of chariots and with the king in Jerusalem.

וַיִּתֵּן הַמֶּלֶךְ אֶת־הַכֶּסֶף בִּירוּשָׁלִַם כָּאֲבָנִים וְאֵת הָאֲרָזִים נָתַן כַּשִּׁקְמִים אֲשֶׁר־בַּשְּׁפֵלָה לָרֹב׃   10:27

1Kin. 10:27   And the king applied silver in Jerusalem like stones, and he applied cedar that was in the lowlands, like the sycamores for abundance.

וּמוֹצָא הַסּוּסִים אֲשֶׁר לִשְׁלֹמֹה מִמִּצְרָיִם וּמִקְוֵה סֹחֲרֵי הַמֶּלֶךְ יִקְחוּ מִקְוֵה בִּמְחִיר׃   10:28

1Kin. 10:28   And the horses that were Solomon’s were brought out from Egypt and from Keveh.  The merchants of the king would buy from Keveh for a price.

וַתַּעֲלֶה וַתֵּצֵא מֶרְכָּבָה מִמִּצְרַיִם בְּשֵׁשׁ מֵאוֹת כֶּסֶף וְסוּס בַּחֲמִשִּׁים וּמֵאָה וְכֵן לְכָל־מַלְכֵי הַחִתִּים   10:29 וּלְמַלְכֵי אֲרָם בְּיָדָם יֹצִאוּ׃

1Kin. 10:29   And a chariot came up and went out from Egypt for six hundred shekels of silver, and a horse for a hundred and fifty.  And thus they brought out for all the kings of the Hittites and for the kings of Aram according to their means.

 

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