1Chronicles 5

 

וּבְנֵי רְאוּבֵן בְּכוֹר־יִשְׂרָאֵל כִּי הוּא הַבְּכוֹר וּבְחַלְּלוֹ יְצוּעֵי אָבִיו נִתְּנָה בְּכֹרָתוֹ לִבְנֵי יוֹסֵף בֶּן־יִשְׂרָאֵל   5:1

  וְלֹא לְהִתְיַחֵשׂ לַבְּכֹרָה׃

1Chr. 5:1   Now the sons of Reuben, the first born of Israel -- but though he was the first born, yet because of his defiling the bed of his father his birthright was given to the sons of Joseph son of Israel, but it was not to be reckoned genealogically as the right of the first born.

Remember Reuben’s transgression?  See Gene. 35:22.

כִּי יְהוּדָה גָּבַר בְּאֶחָיו וּלְנָגִיד מִמֶּנּוּ וְהַבְּכֹרָה לְיוֹסֵף׃   5:2

1Chr. 5:2   When Judah prevailed with his brothers and for the leader who was from him, then the birthright was Joseph's.

בְּנֵי רְאוּבֵן בְּכוֹר יִשְׂרָאֵל חֲנוֹךְ וּפַלּוּא חֶצְרוֹן וְכַרְמִי׃   5:3

1Chr. 5:3   The sons of Reuben, first born of Israel, were Hanoch, and Pallu, Hezron, and Carmi.

בְּנֵי יוֹאֵל שְׁמַעְיָה בְנוֹ גּוֹג בְּנוֹ שִׁמְעִי בְנוֹ׃   5:4

1Chr. 5:4   Of the sons of Joel, Shemaiah was his son, Gog was his son, Shimei was his son,

מִיכָה בְנוֹ רְאָיָה בְנוֹ בַּעַל בְּנוֹ׃   5:5

1Chr. 5:5   Micah was his son, Reaiah was his son, Baal was his son,

בְּאֵרָה בְנוֹ אֲשֶׁר הֶגְלָה תִּלְּגַת פִּלְנְאֶסֶר מֶלֶךְ אַשֻּׁר הוּא נָשִׂיא לָראוּבֵנִי׃   5:6

1Chr. 5:6   Beerah was his son, whom Tillegath-Pilneser, the king of Assyria, took into exile.  He was a Reubenite prince.

וְאֶחָיו לְמִשְׁפְּחֹתָיו בְּהִתְיַחֵשׂ לְתֹלְדוֹתָם הָרֹאשׁ יְעִיאֵל וּזְכַרְיָהוּ׃   5:7

1Chr. 5:7   And of his brethren, regarding his families, reckoning genealogically in their generations, the head was Jeiel, then was Zechariah,

וּבֶלַע בֶּן־עָזָז בֶּן־שֶׁמַע בֶּן־יוֹאֵל הוּא יוֹשֵׁב בַּעֲרֹעֵר וְעַד־נְבוֹ וּבַעַל מְעוֹן׃   5:8

1Chr. 5:8   and Bela son of Azaz son of Shema son of Joel, who was dwelling in Aroer and as far as Nebo and Baal-meon.

וְלַמִּזְרָח יָשַׁב עַד־לְבוֹא מִדְבָּרָה לְמִן־הַנָּהָר פְּרָת כִּי מִקְנֵיהֶם רָבוּ בְּאֶרֶץ גִּלְעָד׃   5:9

1Chr. 5:9   And to the east he dwelled as far as the encroaching of the wilderness from the River Euphrates, because their flocks had grown in the land of Gilead.

וּבִימֵי שָׁאוּל עָשׂוּ מִלְחָמָה עִם־הַהַגְרִאִים וַיִּפְּלוּ בְּיָדָם וַיֵּשְׁבוּ בְּאָהֳלֵיהֶם עַל־כָּל־פְּנֵי מִזְרָח לַגִּלְעָד׃   5:10

1Chr. 5:10   And in the time of Saul they made war with the Hagrites, who fell by their hand, and they dwelled in their tents over all Gilead's eastward surface.

וּבְנֵי־גָד לְנֶגְדָּם יָשְׁבוּ בְּאֶרֶץ הַבָּשָׁן עַד־סַלְכָה׃   5:11

1Chr. 5:11   And the sons of Gad adjacent to them dwelled in the land of Bashan as far as Salcah.

יוֹאֵל הָרֹאשׁ וְשָׁפָם הַמִּשְׁנֶה וְיַעְנַי וְשָׁפָט בַּבָּשָׁן׃   5:12

1Chr. 5:12   Joel was the head, and Shapham was the second, then Janai, then Shaphat in Bashan.

וַאֲחֵיהֶם לְבֵית אֲבוֹתֵיהֶם מִיכָאֵל וּמְשֻׁלָּם וְשֶׁבַע וְיוֹרַי וְיַעְכָּן וְזִיעַ וָעֵבֶר שִׁבְעָה׃   5:13

1Chr. 5:13   And their brethren belonging to the house of their fathers were Michael, and Meshullam, and Sheba, and Jorai, and Jacan, and Zia, and Eber; seven.

אֵלֶּה בְּנֵי אֲבִיחַיִל בֶּן־חוּרִי בֶּן־יָרוֹחַ בֶּן־גִּלְעָד בֶּן־מִיכָאֵל בֶּן־יְשִׁישַׁי בֶּן־יַחְדּוֹ בֶּן־בּוּז׃   5:14

1Chr. 5:14   These were the sons of Abihail son of Huri son of Jaroah son of Gilead son of Michael son of Jeshishai son of Jachdo son of Buz.

אֲחִי בֶּן־עַבְדִּיאֵל בֶּן־גּוּנִי רֹאשׁ לְבֵית אֲבוֹתָם׃   5:15

1Chr. 5:15   Ahi son of Abdiel son of Guni was their fathers' house's head.

וַיֵּשְׁבוּ בַּגִּלְעָד בַּבָּשָׁן וּבִבְנֹתֶיהָ וּבְכָל־מִגְרְשֵׁי שָׁרוֹן עַל־תּוֹצְאוֹתָם׃   5:16

1Chr. 5:16   And they dwelled in Gilead, in Bashan and in its towns, and in all the pastures of Sharon at their borders.

כֻּלָּם הִתְיַחְשׂוּ בִּימֵי יוֹתָם מֶלֶךְ־יְהוּדָה וּבִימֵי יָרָבְעָם מֶלֶךְ־יִשְׂרָאֵל׃   5:17

1Chr. 5:17   All of them were reckoned genealogically in the days of Jotham, king of Judah, and in the days of Jeroboam, king of Israel.

בְּנֵי־רְאוּבֵן וְגָדִי וַחֲצִי שֵׁבֶט־מְנַשֶּׁה מִן־בְּנֵי־חַיִל אֲנָשִׁים נֹשְׂאֵי מָגֵן וְחֶרֶב וְדֹרְכֵי קֶשֶׁת וּלְמוּדֵי   5:18

  מִלְחָמָה אַרְבָּעִים וְאַרְבָּעָה אֶלֶף וּשְׁבַע־מֵאוֹת וְשִׁשִּׁים יֹצְאֵי צָבָא׃

1Chr. 5:18   The sons of Reuben and the Gadite and half the tribe of Menasseh, some of the mightiest of men, lifters of shield and sword and benders of bow and experienced in battle, were forty-four thousand and seven hundred and sixty veterans of war,

וַיַּעֲשׂוּ מִלְחָמָה עִם־הַהַגְרִיאִים וִיטוּר וְנָפִישׁ וְנוֹדָב׃   5:19

1Chr. 5:19   and they waged war with the Hagrites and Jetur and Naphish and Nodab.

Jeter and Naphish may have been two of Ishmael’s sons (see Gene. .25:15).

וַיֵּעָזְרוּ עֲלֵיהֶם וַיִּנָּתְנוּ בְיָדָם הַהַגְרִיאִים וְכֹל שֶׁעִמָּהֶם כִּי לֵאלֹהִים זָעֲקוּ בַּמִּלְחָמָה וְנַעְתּוֹר לָהֶם   5:20

 כִּי־בָטְחוּ בוֹ׃

1Chr. 5:20   And they were helped against they who were delivered into their hand, the Hagrites and all who were with them, for they had cried out to God during the battle, and He was petitioned in their regard, because they trusted in Him.

וַיִּשְׁבּוּ מִקְנֵיהֶם גְּמַלֵּיהֶם חֲמִשִּׁים אֶלֶף וְצֹאן מָאתַיִם וַחֲמִשִּׁים אֶלֶף וַחֲמוֹרִים אַלְפָּיִם וְנֶפֶשׁ אָדָם   5:21

  מֵאָה אָלֶף׃

1Chr. 5:21   And they took away their cattle, of their camels fifty thousand, and sheep two hundred and fifty thousand, and asses two thousand, and of human being, one hundred thousand.

כִּי־חֲלָלִים רַבִּים נָפָלוּ כִּי מֵהָאֱלֹהִים הַמִּלְחָמָה וַיֵּשְׁבוּ תַחְתֵּיהֶם עַד־הַגֹּלָה׃   5:22

1Chr. 5:22   Indeed many fell slain, as the war was of God.  And they dwelled in their place until the captivity.

We may be able to conclude from this verse (and others later) that this book was written during or after the Babylonian exile.

וּבְנֵי חֲצִי שֵׁבֶט מְנַשֶּׁה יָשְׁבוּ בָּאָרֶץ מִבָּשָׁן עַד־בַּעַל חֶרְמוֹן וּשְׂנִיר וְהַר־חֶרְמוֹן הֵמָּה רָבוּ׃   5:23

1Chr. 5:23   And the children of the half tribe of Menasseh dwelled in the land from Bashan as far as Baal- hermon and Senir and Mount Hermon; they increased.

וְאֵלֶּה רָאשֵׁי בֵית־אֲבוֹתָם וְעֵפֶר וְיִשְׁעִי וֶאֱלִיאֵל וְעַזְרִיאֵל וְיִרְמְיָה וְהוֹדַוְיָה וְיַחְדִּיאֵל אֲנָשִׁים גִּבּוֹרֵי   5:24

  חַיִל אַנְשֵׁי שֵׁמוֹת רָאשִׁים לְבֵית אֲבוֹתָם׃

1Chr. 5:24   And these were the heads of the house of their fathers:  Including Epher and Ishi and Eliel and Azriel and Jeremiah and Hodaviah and Jahdiel, courageous men, men of fame, the best of the house of their fathers.

וַיִּמְעֲלוּ בֵּאלֹהֵי אֲבוֹתֵיהֶם וַיִּזְנוּ אַחֲרֵי אֱלֹהֵי עַמֵּי־הָאָרֶץ אֲשֶׁר־הִשְׁמִיד אֱלֹהִים מִפְּנֵיהֶם׃   5:25

1Chr. 5:25   But they were unfaithful to the God of their fathers and were harlots after the gods of the peoples of the land, whom God had destroyed from being before them.

וַיָּעַר אֱלֹהֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל אֶת־רוּחַ פּוּל מֶלֶךְ־אַשּׁוּר וְאֶת־רוּחַ תִּלְּגַת פִּלְנֶסֶר מֶלֶךְ אַשּׁוּר וַיַּגְלֵם לָראוּבֵנִי   5:26

 וְלַגָּדִי וְלַחֲצִי שֵׁבֶט מְנַשֶּׁה וַיְבִיאֵם לַחְלַח וְחָבוֹר וְהָרָא וּנְהַר גּוֹזָן עַד הַיּוֹם הַזֶּה׃

1Chr. 5:26   So the God of Israel incited the spirit of Pul, a king of Assyria, with the spirit of Tillegath-pilneser, a king of Assyria, and he took those into exile belonging to Reuben and to Gad and to the half tribe of Menasseh and brought them to Halah and Habor and Hara and the river of Gozan until this day.

בְּנֵי לֵוִי גֵּרְשׁוֹן קְהָת וּמְרָרִי׃   5:27

1Chr. 5:27   The sons of Levi were Gershon, Kohath, and Merari.

וּבְנֵי קְהָת עַמְרָם יִצְהָר וְחֶבְרוֹן וְעֻזִּיאֵל׃   5:28

1Chr. 5:28   And the sons of Kohath were Amram, Izhar, and Hebron, and Uzziel.

וּבְנֵי עַמְרָם אַהֲרֹן וּמֹשֶׁה וּמִרְיָם וּבְנֵי אַהֲרֹן נָדָב וַאֲבִיהוּא אֶלְעָזָר וְאִיתָמָר׃   5:29

1Chr. 5:29   And the children of Amram were Aaron and Moses and Miriam.  And the sons of Aaron were Nadab and Abihu, Eleazar and Ithamar.

אֶלְעָזָר הוֹלִיד אֶת־פִּינְחָס פִּינְחָס הֹלִיד אֶת־אֲבִישׁוּעַ׃   5:30

1Chr. 5:30   Eleazar begot Phinehas; Phinehas begot Abishua;

וַאֲבִישׁוּעַ הוֹלִיד אֶת־בֻּקִּי וּבֻקִּי הוֹלִיד אֶת־עֻזִּי׃   5:31

1Chr. 5:31   and Abishua begot Bukki, and Bukki begot Uzzi,

וְעֻזִּי הוֹלִיד אֶת־זְרַחְיָה וּזְרַחְיָה הוֹלִיד אֶת־מְרָיוֹת׃   5:32

1Chr. 5:32   and Uzzi begot Zerahiah, and Zerahiah begot Meraioth;

מְרָיוֹת הוֹלִיד אֶת־אֲמַרְיָה וַאֲמַרְיָה הוֹלִיד אֶת־אֲחִיטוּב׃   5:33

1Chr. 5:33   Meraioth begot Amariah, and Amariah begot Ahitub,

וַאֲחִיטוּב הוֹלִיד אֶת־צָדוֹק וְצָדוֹק הוֹלִיד אֶת־אֲחִימָעַץ׃   5:34

1Chr. 5:34   and Ahitub begot Zadok, and Zadok begot Ahimaaz,

וַאֲחִימַעַץ הוֹלִיד אֶת־עֲזַרְיָה וַעֲזַרְיָה הוֹלִיד אֶת־יוֹחָנָן׃   5:35

1Chr. 5:35   and Ahimaaz begot Azariah, and Azariah begot Johanan,

וְיוֹחָנָן הוֹלִיד אֶת־עֲזַרְיָה הוּא אֲשֶׁר כִּהֵן בַּבַּיִת אֲשֶׁר־בָּנָה שְׁלֹמֹה בִּירוּשָׁלִָם׃   5:36

1Chr. 5:36   and Johanan begot Azariah -- he was who served as priest in the house that Solomon built in Jerusalem –

וַיּוֹלֶד עֲזַרְיָה אֶת־אֲמַרְיָה וַאֲמַרְיָה הוֹלִיד אֶת־אֲחִיטוּב׃   5:37

1Chr. 5:37   and Azariah begot Amariah, and Amariah begot Ahitub,

וַאֲחִיטוּב הוֹלִיד אֶת־צָדוֹק וְצָדוֹק הוֹלִיד אֶת־שַׁלּוּם׃   5:38

1Chr. 5:38   and Ahitub begot Zadok, and Zadok begot Shallum,

וְשַׁלּוּם הוֹלִיד אֶת־חִלְקִיָּה וְחִלְקִיָּה הוֹלִיד אֶת־עֲזַרְיָה׃   5:39

1Chr. 5:39   and Shallum begot Hilkiah, and Hilkiah begot Azariah,

וַעֲזַרְיָה הוֹלִיד אֶת־שְׂרָיָה וּשְׂרָיָה הוֹלִיד אֶת־יְהוֹצָדָק׃   5:40

1Chr. 5:40   and Azariah begot Seraiah, and Seraiah begot Jehozadak.

וִיהוֹצָדָק הָלַךְ בְּהַגְלוֹת יְהוָה אֶת־יְהוּדָה וִירוּשָׁלִָם בְּיַד נְבֻכַדְנֶאצַּר׃   5:41

1Chr. 5:41   And Jehozadak departed with the Lord carrying Judah away to exile, with Jerusalem, by the hand of Nebuchadnezzar.

 

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