1Chronicles 4

 

בְּנֵי יְהוּדָה פֶּרֶץ חֶצְרוֹן וְכַרְמִי וְחוּר וְשׁוֹבָל׃   4:1

1Chr. 4:1   The sons of Judah were Perez, Hezron, and Carmi, and Hur, and Shobal.

וּרְאָיָה בֶן־שׁוֹבָל הוֹלִיד אֶת־יַחַת וְיַחַת הֹלִיד אֶת־אֲחוּמַי וְאֶת־לָהַד אֵלֶּה מִשְׁפְּחוֹת הַצָּרְעָתִי׃   4:2

1Chr. 4:2   And Reaiah son of Shobal begot Jahath, and Jahath begot Ahumai and Lahad.  These were the Zorathite families.

וְאֵלֶּה אֲבִי עֵיטָם יִזְרְעֶאל וְיִשְׁמָא וְיִדְבָּשׁ וְשֵׁם אֲחוֹתָם הַצְלֶלְפּוֹנִי׃   4:3

1Chr. 4:3   And these were of the father of Etam:  Jezreel, and Ishma, and Idbash -- and the name of their sister was Hazlelponi –

וּפְנוּאֵל אֲבִי גְדֹר וְעֵזֶר אֲבִי חוּשָׁה אֵלֶּה בְנֵי־חוּר בְּכוֹר אֶפְרָתָה אֲבִי בֵּית לָחֶם׃   4:4

1Chr. 4:4   and Penuel, the father of Gedor, and Ezer, the father of Hushah.  These were the sons of Hur, the first born of Ephrath, the father of Beth-lehem.

וּלְאַשְׁחוּר אֲבִי תְקוֹעַ הָיוּ שְׁתֵּי נָשִׁים חֶלְאָה וְנַעֲרָה׃   4:5

1Chr. 4:5   And for Ashhur, the father of Tekoa, there were two wives, Helah and Naarah.

וַתֵּלֶד לוֹ נַעֲרָה אֶת־אֲחֻזָּם וְאֶת־חֵפֶר וְאֶת־תֵּימְנִי וְאֶת־הָאֲחַשְׁתָּרִי אֵלֶּה בְּנֵי נַעֲרָה׃   4:6

1Chr. 4:6   And Naarah bore Ahuzam for him, and Hepher, and Timeni, and Ahashtari.  These were the sons of Naarah.

וּבְנֵי חֶלְאָה צֶרֶת (יִצְחָר) [וְצֹחַר] וְאֶתְָנָן׃   4:7

1Chr. 4:7   And the sons of Helah were Zereth, and Zohar, and Ethnan.

The word in the parentheses is the name Zohar.  The yad prefix is an error.  It should be a vav as in the correction within the brackets.

וְקוֹץ הוֹלִיד אֶת־עָנוּב וְאֶת־הַצֹּבֵבָה וּמִשְׁפְּחוֹת אֲחַרְחֵל בֶּן־הָרוּם׃   4:8

1Chr. 4:8   And Koz begot Anub, and Zobebah, and the families of Aharhel son of Harum.

The name Koz appears no where else in the bible, and the identity of the individual is unknown.  Some scholars have suggested that it is a second name of one of those mentioned in the previous two verses.

וַיְהִי יַעְבֵּץ נִכְבָּד מֵאֶחָיו וְאִמּוֹ קָרְאָה שְׁמוֹ יַעְבֵּץ לֵאמֹר כִּי יָלַדְתִּי בְּעֹצֶב׃   4:9

1Chr. 4:9   And Jabez was more honorable than his brethren, and his mother called his name Jabez saying, “For I bore in pain.”

The name Jabez also appears no where else in the bible, and the identity of the individual is also unknown.  Moreover, how the name is explained is rather inexplicable.  The name Jabez and the word for pain have a strange bearing to each other.  The root of the name is #Be[, which means sorrow.  If the last two letters are interchanged, the root becomes bc,[, which means pain.  Odd indeed!

וַיִּקְרָא יַעְבֵּץ לֵאלֹהֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל לֵאמֹר אִם־בָּרֵךְ תְּבָרֲכֵנִי וְהִרְבִּיתָ אֶת־גְּבוּלִי וְהָיְתָה יָדְךָ עִמִּי וְעָשִׂיתָ   4:10

 מֵּרָעָה לְבִלְתִּי עָצְבִּי וַיָּבֵא אֱלֹהִים אֵת אֲשֶׁר־שָׁאָל׃

1Chr. 4:10   And Jabez called to the God of Israel saying, “Would that indeed You would bless me and enlarge my territory and would Your ‘hand’ be with me and You would keep from evil so that it not be painful to me.”  And God brought to pass what he had asked.

וּכְלוּב אֲחִי־שׁוּחָה הוֹלִיד אֶת־מְחִיר הוּא אֲבִי אֶשְׁתּוֹן׃   4:11

1Chr. 4:11   And Chelub, the brother of Shuhah, begot Mehir; he was the father of Eshton.

וְאֶשְׁתּוֹן הוֹלִיד אֶת־בֵּית רָפָא וְאֶת־פָּסֵחַ וְאֶת־תְּחִנָּה אֲבִי עִיר נָחָשׁ אֵלֶּה אַנְשֵׁי רֵכָה׃   4:12

1Chr. 4:12   And Eshton begot Beth-rapha, and Paseah, and Tehinnah, the father of Ir-nahash.  These were the men of Recah.

וּבְנֵי קְנַז עָתְנִיאֵל וּשְׂרָיָה וּבְנֵי עָתְנִיאֵל חֲתַת׃   4:13

1Chr. 4:13   And the sons of Kenaz were Othniel and Seraiah.  And of the sons of Othniel was Hathath.

וּמְעוֹנֹתַי הוֹלִיד אֶת־עָפְרָה וּשְׂרָיָה הוֹלִיד אֶת־יוֹאָב אֲבִי גֵּיא חֲרָשִׁים כִּי חֲרָשִׁים הָיוּ׃   4:14

1Chr. 4:14   And Meonothai begot Ophrah; and Seraiah begot Joab, the father of Ge-harashim, for they were craftsmen.

וּבְנֵי כָּלֵב בֶּן־יְפֻנֶּה עִירוּ אֵלָה וָנָעַם וּבְנֵי אֵלָה וּקְנַז׃   4:15

1Chr. 4:15   And the sons of Caleb son of Jephunneh were Iru, Elah, and Naam.  And of the sons of Elah was Ukenaz.

All the popular bibles give the name at the end of the verse as Kenaz, and almost none of them takes into account the first letter of the name, the vav.  I, being as literal (and naive) as I can be, included it in the name, making it Ukenaz.  The name Kenaz appears in v. 13 above, but we are not told who he is.  The name also appears in Gene. 36:11, but that must be a different individual.  There he is the son of Eliphaz; here he is the son of Elah.

וּבְנֵי יְהַלֶּלְאֵל זִיף וְזִיפָה תִּירְיָא וַאֲשַׂרְאֵל׃   4:16

1Chr. 4:16   And the sons of Jehallelel were Ziph, and Ziphah, Tiria, and Asarel.

וּבֶן־עֶזְרָה יֶתֶר וּמֶרֶד וְעֵפֶר וְיָלוֹן וַתַּהַר אֶת־מִרְיָם וְאֶת־שַׁמַּי וְאֶת־יִשְׁבָּח אֲבִי אֶשְׁתְּמֹעַ׃   4:17

1Chr. 4:17   And a son of Ezrah was Jether, and Mered, and Epher, and Jalon.  And she bore Miriam, and Shammai, and Ishbah, the father of Eshtemoa,

וְאִשְׁתֹּו הַיְהֻדִיָּה יָלְדָה אֶת־יֶרֶד אֲבִי גְדֹור וְאֶת־חֶבֶר אֲבִי שֹׂוכֹו וְאֶת־יְקוּתִיאֵל אֲבִי זָנֹוחַ וְאֵלֶּה בְּנֵי   4:18

בִּתְיָה בַת־פַּרְעֹה אֲשֶׁר לָקַח מָרֶד׃

1Chr. 4:18   and his wife, Hajehudijah, bore Jered, the father of Gedor, and Heber, the father of Soco, and Jekuthiel, the father of Zanoah, and these were the sons of Bithiah, daughter of Pharoah, whom Mered took.

וּבְנֵי אֵשֶׁת הוֹדִיָּה אֲחוֹת נַחַם אֲבִי קְעִילָה הַגַּרְמִי וְאֶשְׁתְּמֹעַ הַמַּעֲכָתִי׃   4:19

1Chr. 4:19   And of the sons of the wife of Hodiah, the sister of Naham, was the father of Keilah, the Garmite, and of Eshtemoa, the Maacathite.

וּבְנֵי שִׁימֹון אַמְנֹון וְרִנָּה בֶּן־חָןָן (וְתֹולֹון) [וְתִילֹון] וּבְנֵי יִשְׁעִי זֹוחֵת וּבֶן־זֹוחֵת׃   4:20

1Chr. 4:20   And the sons of Shimon were Amnon, and Rinnah, Ben-hanan, and Tilon.  And the sons of Ishi were Zoheth and Ben-Zoheth.

The word in the parentheses is the name [and] Tilon or Tolon.  Neither name appears elsewhere in the bible, so it’s impossible to determine the proper spelling only from the information contained in the bible.  Original Hebrew text had been altered in modern bibles (as it is here) by the addition of the vowel points known as niqqud, which were introduced circa 800 CE.  The Hebrew in Jewish bibles displays the name translated as Tilon as a mixed vowel and niqqud error.  I accept that conclusion, imagining that the scholars of the early middle ages recognized the name or made the most appropriate correction to the Hebrew.

בְּנֵי שֵׁלָה בֶן־יְהוּדָה עֵר אֲבִי לֵכָה וְלַעְדָּה אֲבִי מָרֵשָׁה וּמִשְׁפְּחוֹת בֵּית־עֲבֹדַת הַבֻּץ לְבֵית אַשְׁבֵּעַ׃   4:21

1Chr. 4:21   The sons of Shelea son of Judah were Er, the father of Lecah, and Ladah, the father of Mareshah, and the families of the house of the worker of fine linen belonging to the house of Ashbea,

וְיוֹקִים וְאַנְשֵׁי כֹזֵבָא וְיוֹאָשׁ וְשָׂרָף אֲשֶׁר־בָּעֲלוּ לְמוֹאָב וְיָשֻׁבִי לָחֶם וְהַדְּבָרִים עַתִּיקִים׃   4:22

1Chr. 4:22   and Jokim, and the men of Cozeba, and Joash and Saraph, who ruled in Moab, and Jashubi- lehem, but the chronicles are ancient.

הֵמָּה הַיּוֹצְרִים וְיֹשְׁבֵי נְטָעִים וּגְדֵרָה עִם־הַמֶּלֶךְ בִּמְלַאכְתּוֹ יָשְׁבוּ שָׁם׃   4:23

1Chr. 4:23   They were the potters, and the inhabitants of Netaim and Gederah.  They dwelled there with the king in his work.

בְּנֵי שִׁמְעוֹן נְמוּאֵל וְיָמִין יָרִיב זֶרַח שָׁאוּל׃   4:24

1Chr. 4:24   The sons of Simeon were Nemuel, and Jamin, Jarib, Zerah, Shaul.

שַׁלֻּם בְּנוֹ מִבְשָׂם בְּנוֹ מִשְׁמָע בְּנוֹ׃   4:25

1Chr. 4:25   Shallum was his son, Mibsam was his son, Mishma was his son.

וּבְנֵי מִשְׁמָע חַמּוּאֵל בְּנוֹ זַכּוּר בְּנוֹ שִׁמְעִי בְנוֹ׃   4:26

1Chr. 4:26   And the sons of Mishma:  Hammual was his son, Zaccur was his son, Shimei was his son.

וּלְשִׁמְעִי בָּנִים שִׁשָּׁה עָשָׂר וּבָנוֹת שֵׁשׁ וּלְאֶחָיו אֵין בָּנִים רַבִּים וְכֹל מִשְׁפַּחְתָּם לֹא הִרְבּוּ עַד־בְּנֵי   4:27

 יְהוּדָה׃

1Chr. 4:27   And Shimei's sons were sixteen, and daughters six, but for his brethren there were not many sons, so all their family did not increase as much as the children of Judah.

וַיֵּשְׁבוּ בִּבְאֵר־שֶׁבַע וּמוֹלָדָה וַחֲצַר שׁוּעָל׃   4:28

1Chr. 4:28   And they dwelled in Beer-sheba, and Molada, and Hazar-shual,

וּבְבִלְהָה וּבְעֶצֶם וּבְתוֹלָד׃   4:29

1Chr. 4:29   and in Bilhah, and in Ezem, and in Tolad,

וּבִבְתוּאֵל וּבְחָרְמָה וּבְצִיקְלָג׃   4:30

1Chr. 4:30   and in Bethuel, and in Hormah, and in Ziklag,

וּבְבֵית מַרְכָּבוֹת וּבַחֲצַר סוּסִים וּבְבֵית בִּרְאִי וּבְשַׁעֲרָיִם אֵלֶּה עָרֵיהֶם עַד־מְלֹךְ דָּוִיד׃   4:31

1Chr. 4:31   and in Beth-marcaboth, and in Hazar-susim, and in beth-biri, and in Shaaraim.  These were their cities up to the reign of David.

וְחַצְרֵיהֶם עֵיטָם וָעַיִן רִמּוֹן וְתֹכֶן וְעָשָׁן עָרִים חָמֵשׁ׃   4:32

1Chr. 4:32   And their villages were Etam, and Ain, Rimmon, and Tochen, and Ashan -- five towns.

וְכָל־חַצְרֵיהֶם אֲשֶׁר סְבִיבוֹת הֶעָרִים הָאֵלֶּה עַד־בָּעַל זֹאת מוֹשְׁבֹתָם וְהִתְיַחְשָׂם לָהֶם׃   4:33

1Chr. 4:33   And all their villages, which were surrounding these towns, were until Baal.  This was their dwelling places and the reckoning of their genealogy for them.

וּמְשׁוֹבָב וְיַמְלֵךְ וְיוֹשָׁה בֶּן־אֲמַצְיָה׃   4:34

1Chr. 4:34   And Meshobab, and Jamlech, and Joshah son of Amaziah,

וְיוֹאֵל וְיֵהוּא בֶּן־יוֹשִׁבְיָה בֶּן־שְׂרָיָה בֶּן־עֲשִׂיאֵל׃   4:35

1Chr. 4:35   and Joel, and Jehu son of Joshibiah son of Seraiah son of Asiel,

וְאֶלְיוֹעֵינַי וְיַעֲקֹבָה וִישׁוֹחָיָה וַעֲשָׂיָה וַעֲדִיאֵל וִישִׂימִאֵל וּבְנָיָה׃   4:36

1Chr. 4:36   and Elioenai, and Jaakobah, and Jeshohaiah, and Asaiah, and Adiel, and Jesimiel, and Benaiah,

וְזִיזָא בֶן־שִׁפְעִי בֶן־אַלּוֹן בֶּן־יְדָיָה בֶן־שִׁמְרִי בֶּן־שְׁמַעְיָה׃   4:37

1Chr. 4:37   and Ziza son of Shiphi son of Allon son of jedaiah son of Shimri son of Shemaiah:

אֵלֶּה הַבָּאִים בְּשֵׁמוֹת נְשִׂיאִים בְּמִשְׁפְּחוֹתָם וּבֵית אֲבוֹתֵיהֶם פָּרְצוּ לָרוֹב׃   4:38

1Chr. 4:38   These enumerated by names were princes in their families, and the house of their fathers increased in abundance.

The Hebrew noun for house in this verse should probably be plural.  Its verb, increased, is plural.  And it makes more sense that the phrase should be and the houses of their fathers.

וַיֵּלְכוּ לִמְבוֹא גְדֹר עַד לְמִזְרַח הַגָּיְא לְבַקֵּשׁ מִרְעֶה לְצֹאנָם׃   4:39

1Chr. 4:39   And they went to the entrance of Gedor as far as to the east of the valley to seek pasturage for their sheep.

וַיִּמְצְאוּ מִרְעֶה שָׁמֵן וָטוֹב וְהָאָרֶץ רַחֲבַת יָדַיִם וְשֹׁקֶטֶת וּשְׁלֵוָה כִּי מִן־חָם הַיֹּשְׁבִים שָׁם לְפָנִים׃   4:40

1Chr. 4:40   And they found rich and good pasturage, and the land was expansive and undisturbed and quiet, for the dwellers from Ham were there in earlier times.

וַיָּבֹאוּ אֵלֶּה הַכְּתוּבִים בְּשֵׁמֹות בִּימֵי יְחִזְקִיָּהוּ מֶלֶךְ־יְהוּדָה וַיַּכּוּ אֶת־אָהֳלֵיהֶם וְאֶת־(הַמְּעִינִים   4:41

 הַמְּעוּנִים] אֲשֶׁר נִמְצְאוּ־שָׁמָּה וַיַּחֲרִיםֻם עַד־הַיֹּום הַזֶּה וַיֵּשְׁבוּ תַּחְתֵּיהֶם כִּי־מִרְעֶה לְצֹאנָם שָׁם׃

1Chr. 4:41   And these who are recorded by names came in the time of Hezekiah, king of Judah, and smote their tents and the Meunim who were found there, and exterminated them up to this day, and remained in their place, because the pasturage for their sheep would be there.

The word after the right parenthesis is the name the Meunim.  It is misspelled.  The correction before the left bracket changes the first yad to a vav.

וּמֵהֶם מִן־בְּנֵי שִׁמְעוֹן הָלְכוּ לְהַר שֵׂעִיר אֲנָשִׁים חֲמֵשׁ מֵאוֹת וּפְלַטְיָה וּנְעַרְיָה וּרְפָיָה וְעֻזִּיאֵל בְּנֵי   4:42

יִשְׁעִי בְּרֹאשָׁם׃

1Chr. 4:42   And some of them from the children of Simeon went to Mount Seir, five hundred men, and Pelatiah, and Naariah, and Rephiah, and Uzziel, sons of Ishi, were at their lead.

וַיַּכּוּ אֶת־שְׁאֵרִית הַפְּלֵטָה לַעֲמָלֵק וַיֵּשְׁבוּ שָׁם עַד הַיּוֹם הַזֶּה׃   4:43

1Chr. 4:43   And they smote an escaped remnant belonging to Amalek, and they have dwelled there until this day.

 

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