1Chronicles 3

 

וְאֵלֶּה הָיוּ בְּנֵי דָויִד אֲשֶׁר נֹולַד־לֹו בְּחֶבְרֹון הַבְּכֹור אַמְנֹן לַאֲחִינֹעַם הַיִּזְרְעֵאלִית שֵׁנִי דָּנִיֵּאל   3:1

לַאֲבִיגַיִל הַכַּרְמְלִית׃

1Chr. 3:1   And these were the sons of David whom he had born to him in Hebron:  The first born was Amnon, belonging to Ahinoam, the Jezreelitess; the second was Daniel, belonging to Abigail, the Carmelitess;

הַשְּׁלִשִׁי לְאַבְשָׁלוֹם בֶּן־מַעֲכָה בַּת־תַּלְמַי מֶלֶךְ גְּשׁוּר הָרְבִיעִי אֲדֹנִיָּה בֶן־חַגִּית׃   3:2

1Chr. 3:2   the third place was for absalom, the son of Maacah, the daughter of Talmai, king of Geshur; the fourth was Adonijah, the son of Haggith;

הַחֲמִישִׁי שְׁפַטְיָה לַאֲבִיטָל הַשִּׁשִּׁי יִתְרְעָם לְעֶגְלָה אִשְׁתּוֹ׃   3:3

1Chr. 3:3   the fifth was Shephatiah, belonging to Abital; the sixth was Ithream, belonging to Eglah, his wife.

שִׁשָּׁה נוֹלַד־לוֹ בְחֶבְרוֹן וַיִּמְלָךְ־שָׁם שֶׁבַע שָׁנִים וְשִׁשָּׁה חֳדָשִׁים וּשְׁלֹשִׁים וְשָׁלוֹשׁ שָׁנָה מָלַךְ בִּירוּשָׁלִָם׃   3:4

1Chr. 3:4   He had the six born to him in Hebron, as he reigned there seven years and six months.  Then he reigned thirty-three years in Jerusalem.

וְאֵלֶּה נוּלְּדוּ־לוֹ בִּירוּשָׁלָיִם שִׁמְעָא וְשׁוֹבָב וְנָתָן וּשְׁלֹמֹה אַרְבָּעָה לְבַת־שׁוּעַ בַּת־עַמִּיאֵל׃   3:5

1Chr. 3:5   And these were born to him in Jerusalem:  Shimea, and Shobab, and Nathan, and Solomon (four belonging to Bath-Shua, the daughter of Ammiel),

וְיִבְחָר וֶאֱלִישָׁמָע וֶאֱלִיפָלֶט׃   3:6

1Chr. 3:6   and Ibhar, and Elishama, and Eliphelet,

וְנֹגַהּ וְנֶפֶג וְיָפִיעַ׃   3:7

1Chr. 3:7   and Nogah, and Nepheg, and Japhia,

וֶאֱלִישָׁמָע וְאֶלְיָדָע וֶאֱלִיפֶלֶט תִּשְׁעָה׃   3:8

1Chr. 3:8   and Elishama, and Eliada, and Eliphelet -- nine.                     [Return to 1Chr. 14:7]

The repetition of the names Elishama and Eliphelet (see v. 6 above) has led to the supposition that it is possible that the first sons with these names died before the latter two were born, and they were named after their deceased brothers.

כֹּל בְּנֵי דָוִיד מִלְּבַד בְּנֵי־פִילַגְשִׁים וְתָמָר אֲחוֹתָם׃   3:9

1Chr. 3:9   All were the sons of David, besides the sons of the concubines, and Tamar was their sister.

וּבֶן־שְׁלֹמֹה רְחַבְעָם אֲבִיָּה בְנוֹ אָסָא בְנוֹ יְהוֹשָׁפָט בְּנוֹ׃   3:10

1Chr. 3:10   And Rehoboam was a son of Solomon; Abijah was his son; Asa was his son; Jehoshaphat was his son;

יוֹרָם בְּנוֹ אֲחַזְיָהוּ בְנוֹ יוֹאָשׁ בְּנוֹ׃   3:11

1Chr. 3:11   Joram was his son; Ahazia was his son; Joash was his son;

אֲמַצְיָהוּ בְנוֹ עֲזַרְיָה בְנוֹ יוֹתָם בְּנוֹ׃   3:12

1Chr. 3:12   Amaziah was his son; Azariah was his son; Jotham was his son;

אָחָז בְּנוֹ חִזְקִיָּהוּ בְנוֹ מְנַשֶּׁה בְנוֹ׃   3:13

1Chr. 3:13   Ahaz was his son; Hezekiah was his son; Manasseh was his son;

אָמוֹן בְּנוֹ יֹאשִׁיָּהוּ בְנוֹ׃   3:14

1Chr. 3:14   Amon was his son; Josiah was his son.

וּבְנֵי יֹאשִׁיָּהוּ הַבְּכוֹר יוֹחָנָן הַשֵּׁנִי יְהוֹיָקִים הַשְּׁלִשִׁי צִדְקִיָּהוּ הָרְבִיעִי שַׁלּוּם׃   3:15

1Chr. 3:15   and the sons of Josiah:  The first born was Johanan, the second was Johoiakim, the third was Zedekiah, the fourth was Shallum.

וּבְנֵי יְהוֹיָקִים יְכָנְיָה בְנוֹ צִדְקִיָּה בְנוֹ׃   3:16

1Chr. 3:16   And the sons of Jehoiakim:  Jeconiah was his son, Zedekiah was his son.

וּבְנֵי יְכָנְיָה אַסִּר שְׁאַלְתִּיאֵל בְּנוֹ׃   3:17

1Chr. 3:17   And the sons of Jeconiah (Assir):  Shealtiel was his son,

The word or name Assir is transliterated from the Hebrew.  Considerable differences exist among the popular bibles as to what it means.  The word can be translated as a prisoner, and some bibles prefer that or something similar.  Others transliterate as I have.  And still others identify it as a first name for Sheatiel.  No one knows with any degree of certainty if any of these or something else is correct.

וּמַלְכִּירָם וּפְדָיָה וְשֶׁנְאַצַּר יְקַמְיָה הוֹשָׁמָע וּנְדַבְיָה׃   3:18

1Chr. 3:18   and Malchiram, and Pedaiah, and Shanazzar, Jekamiah, Hoshama, and Nedabiah.

וּבְנֵי פְדָיָה זְרֻבָּבֶל וְשִׁמְעִי וּבֶן־זְרֻבָּבֶל מְשֻׁלָּם וַחֲנַנְיָה וּשְׁלֹמִית אֲחוֹתָם׃   3:19

1Chr. 3:19   And the sons of Pedaiah were Zerubbabel, and Shimei.   And a son of Zerubbabel was Meshullam, and Hananiah (and Shelomith was their sister),                       [Return to 1Chr. 23:9]

The Zerubbalel mentioned here is not the one who set the foundation of the second Temple.  He was the son of Shealtiel.

וַחֲשֻׁבָה וָאֹהֶל וּבֶרֶכְיָה וַחֲסַדְיָה יוּשַׁב חֶסֶד חָמֵשׁ׃   3:20

1Chr. 3:20   and Hashubah, and Ohel, and Berechiah, and Hasadiah, Jushab-hesed -- five.

וּבֶן־חֲנַנְיָה פְּלַטְיָה וִישַׁעְיָה בְּנֵי רְפָיָה בְּנֵי אַרְנָן בְּנֵי עֹבַדְיָה בְּנֵי שְׁכַנְיָה׃   3:21

1Chr. 3:21   And of the sons of Hananiah was Pelatiah, and Jeshaiah.  Of his sons was Rephaiah; of  his sons was Arnan; of his sons was Obadiah; of his sons was Shecaniah.

This verse appears to contain some strange Hebrew.  As the Hebrew stands, the four words often translates as his son should be translated as the sons of.  But this translation makes the verse incoherent.  Nevertheless, all but one of the popular bibles translate the verse as it stands except they add other words to clarify the Hebrew.  I have added only one word which is always implied in the Hebrew, the word of.  That makes the Hebrew completely coherent.  It also strongly implies that other names were omitted in this narration.

וּבְנֵי שְׁכַנְיָה שְׁמַעְיָה וּבְנֵי שְׁמַעְיָה חַטּוּשׁ וְיִגְאָל וּבָרִיחַ וּנְעַרְיָה וְשָׁפָט שִׁשָּׁה׃   3:22

1Chr. 3:22   And of the sons of Shecaniah was Shemaiah; and the sons of Shemaiah were Hattush, and Igal, and Bariah, and Neariah, and Shaphat -- six.

The number six refers to the sons of Shecaniah (including grandsons), not of Shemaiah.

וּבֶן־נְעַרְיָה אֶלְיוֹעֵינַי וְחִזְקִיָּה וְעַזְרִיקָם שְׁלֹשָׁה׃   3:23

1Chr. 3:23   And a son of Neariah was Elioenai, and Hizkiah, and Azrikam -- three.

וּבְנֵי אֶלְיֹועֵינַי (הֹדַיְוָהוּ) [הֹודַוְיָהוּ] וְאֶלְיָשִׁיב וּפְלָיָה וְעַקּוּב וְיֹוחָנָן וּדְלָיָה וַעֲנָנִי שִׁבְעָה׃   3:24

1Chr. 3:24   And the sons of Elioenai were Hodaviah, and Eliashib, and Pelaiah, and Akkub, and Johanan, and Delaiah, and Anani -- seven.

The word in the parentheses is the name Hodaviah.  It is misspelled.  The correction in the brackets interchanges the yad and vav.

 

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