1Chronicles 29

 

None of this chapter is found elsewhere in the bible.  In fact, the story of Solomon’s ascension to the throne is very different from that described in 1Kings.  Moreover, in this chapter, it sounds like David is still fully functional, which is in sharp contrast to the depiction of his condition when Solomon assumes the throne in 1Kings Chapter 1.

וַיֹּאמֶר דָּוִיד הַמֶּלֶךְ לְכָל־הַקָּהָל שְׁלֹמֹה בְנִי אֶחָד בָּחַר־בּוֹ אֱלֹהִים נַעַר וָרָךְ וְהַמְּלָאכָה גְדוֹלָה כִּי לֹא   29:1

 לְאָדָם הַבִּירָה כִּי לַיהוָה אֱלֹהִים׃

1Chr. 29:1   And David, the king, said to the whole congregation, “Solomon, my son, on whom God alone decided, is young and delicate, while the work is great, for the palace is not for humankind, but for the Lord God.”

וּכְכָל־כֹּחִי הֲכִינוֹתִי לְבֵית־אֱלֹהַי הַזָּהָב לַזָּהָב וְהַכֶּסֶף לַכֶּסֶף וְהַנְּחֹשֶׁת לַנְּחֹשֶׁת הַבַּרְזֶל לַבַּרְזֶל וְהָעֵצִים   29:2

 לָעֵצִים אַבְנֵי־שֹׁהַם וּמִלּוּאִים אַבְנֵי־פוּךְ וְרִקְמָה וְכֹל אֶבֶן יְקָרָה וְאַבְנֵי־שַׁיִשׁ לָרֹב׃

1Chr. 29:2   “And with all my might I have prepared the gold for gold for the house of my God, and the silver for silver, and the brass for brass, and the iron for iron, and the timbers for wooden things, stones of onyx and stones to be set, stones of glitter and of different color, and every precious stone, and stones of marble in abundance.”

וְעוֹד בִּרְצוֹתִי בְּבֵית אֱלֹהַי יֶשׁ־לִי סְגֻלָּה זָהָב וָכָסֶף נָתַתִּי לְבֵית־אֱלֹהַי לְמַעְלָה מִכָּל־הֲכִינוֹתִי לְבֵית   29:3

 הַקֹּדֶשׁ׃

1Chr. 29:3   “And yet, because of my pleasure with the house of my God, a treasure of gold and silver is mine; I give to the house of my God on top of all I have prepared for the house of holiness

שְׁלֹשֶׁת אֲלָפִים כִּכְּרֵי זָהָב מִזְּהַב אוֹפִיר וְשִׁבְעַת אֲלָפִים כִּכַּר־כֶּסֶף מְזֻקָּק לָטוּחַ קִירוֹת הַבָּתִּים׃   29:4

1Chr. 29:4   three thousand talents of gold from the gold of Ophir, and seven thousand talents refined silver to overlay the house walls,

לַזָּהָב לַזָּהָב וְלַכֶּסֶף לַכֶּסֶף וּלְכָל־מְלָאכָה בְּיַד חָרָשִׁים וּמִי מִתְנַדֵּב לְמַלֹּאות יָדוֹ הַיּוֹם לַיהוָה׃   29:5

1Chr. 29:5   for the gold for the gold and for the silver for the silver, and for every kind of work by the hand of artisans.  Now who is willing to offer to fill his hand today for the Lord?”

וַיִּתְנַדְּבוּ שָׂרֵי הָאָבוֹת וְשָׂרֵי שִׁבְטֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל וְשָׂרֵי הָאֲלָפִים וְהַמֵּאוֹת וּלְשָׂרֵי מְלֶאכֶת הַמֶּלֶךְ׃   29:6

1Chr. 29:6   And the leaders of households and the princes of the tribes of Israel and the captains of thousands and of hundreds, even to the officials of the business of the king, offered willingly.

וַיִּתְּנוּ לַעֲבוֹדַת בֵּית־הָאֱלֹהִים זָהָב כִּכָּרִים חֲמֵשֶׁת־אֲלָפִים וַאֲדַרְכֹנִים רִבּוֹ וְכֶסֶף כִּכָּרִים עֲשֶׂרֶת   29:7

  אֲלָפִים וּנְחֹשֶׁת רִבּוֹ וּשְׁמוֹנַת אֲלָפִים כִּכָּרִים וּבַרְזֶל מֵאָה־אֶלֶף כִּכָּרִים׃

1Chr. 29:7   And they gave for the service of the house of God five thousand talents and ten thousand darics of gold, ten thousand talents of silver, and eighteen thousand talents of brass, and a hundred thousand talents of iron.

וְהַנִּמְצָא אִתּוֹ אֲבָנִים נָתְנוּ לְאוֹצַר בֵּית־יְהוָה עַל יַד־יְחִיאֵל הַגֵּרְשֻׁנִּי׃   29:8

1Chr. 29:8   And with whom precious stones were found, they gave to the treasury of the house of the Lord by the hand of Jehiel, the Gershonite.

וַיִּשְׂמְחוּ הָעָם עַל־הִתְנַדְּבָם כִּי בְּלֵב שָׁלֵם הִתְנַדְּבוּ לַיהוָה וְגַם דָּוִיד הַמֶּלֶךְ שָׂמַח שִׂמְחָה גְדוֹלָה׃   29:9

1Chr. 29:9   And the people rejoiced over their freewill offering, for with whole heart they offered freely to the Lord, and David, the king, also rejoiced a great rejoicing.

וַיְבָרֶךְ דָּוִיד אֶת־יְהוָה לְעֵינֵי כָּל־הַקָּהָל וַיֹּאמֶר דָּוִיד בָּרוּךְ אַתָּה יְהוָה אֱלֹהֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל אָבִינוּ מֵעוֹלָם   29:10

 וְעַד־עוֹלָם׃

1Chr. 29:10   And David blessed the Lord in the eyes of the entire congregation, and David said, “Blessed are You, Lord, God of Israel, our Father, from eternity and to eternity.”

לְךָ יְהוָה הַגְּדֻלָּה וְהַגְּבוּרָה וְהַתִּפְאֶרֶת וְהַנֵּצַח וְהַהוֹד כִּי־כֹל בַּשָּׁמַיִם וּבָאָרֶץ לְךָ יְהוָה הַמַּמְלָכָה   29:11

 וְהַמִּתְנַשֵּׂא לְכֹל לְרֹאשׁ׃

1Chr. 29:11   “Yours, Lord, is the greatness and the power and the glory and the victory and the majesty, for all in heaven and on the earth is Yours, Lord, the kingdom and the acclamation for all to the highest,

וְהָעֹשֶׁר וְהַכָּבוֹד מִלְּפָנֶיךָ וְאַתָּה מוֹשֵׁל בַּכֹּל וּבְיָדְךָ כֹּחַ וּגְבוּרָה וּבְיָדְךָ לְגַדֵּל וּלְחַזֵּק לַכֹּל׃   29:12

1Chr. 29:12   and the wealth and the honor are from Your presence, as You are Ruler in everything, and in Your ‘hand’ are power and might, and in Your ‘hand’ is to make great, and to give strength to all.”

וְעַתָּה אֱלֹהֵינוּ מוֹדִים אֲנַחְנוּ לָךְ וּמְהַלְלִים לְשֵׁם תִּפְאַרְתֶּךָ׃   29:13

1Chr. 29:13   “So now, our God, we are giving thanks to You and are giving praise to Your glorious name.”

וְכִי מִי אֲנִי וּמִי עַמִּי כִּי־נַעְצֹר כֹּחַ לְהִתְנַדֵּב כָּזֹאת כִּי־מִמְּךָ הַכֹּל וּמִיָּדְךָ נָתַנּוּ לָךְ׃   29:14

1Chr. 29:14   “But then who am I, and who are my people, that we should be able to offer willingly like this?  Surely all is from You, so from Your ‘hand’ we have given to You.”

כִּי־גֵרִים אֲנַחְנוּ לְפָנֶיךָ וְתוֹשָׁבִים כְּכָל־אֲבֹתֵינוּ כַּצֵּל יָמֵינוּ עַל־הָאָרֶץ וְאֵין מִקְוֶה׃   29:15

1Chr. 29:15   “We are as temporary inhabitants before You, and sojourners, as were all our fathers.  Our days are as a shadow upon the earth and have no outcome.”

יְהוָה אֱלֹהֵינוּ כֹל הֶהָמֹון הַזֶּה אֲשֶׁר הֲכִינֹנוּ לִבְנֹות־לְךָ בַיִת לְשֵׁם קָדְשֶׁךָ מִיָּדְךָ (הִיא) [הוּא] וּלְךָ   29:16

הַכֹּל׃

1Chr. 29:16   “Lord, our God, all this abundance that we have prepared to build for You a house for Your holy name, it is from Your ‘hand,’ as everything is Yours.”

The pronoun in the parentheses, translated as it in the phrase it is from Your ‘hand,’ is feminine.  Such gender applies when either the antecedent is feminine or the pronoun refers to an indeterminate antecedent.  It’s hard to decide which gender would be appropriate here.  The possible antecedent here is this abundance, and the word abundance is indeed masculine.  But the phrase this abundance is itself referring to something indeterminate.  So the pronoun it may also be referring to something indeterminate.  Can you see the problem?  A difficult grammar question to resolve.  So in keeping with my philosophy, I must assume there is no error here, and the correction in the brackets is unnecessary.

וְיָדַעְתִּי אֱלֹהַי כִּי אַתָּה בֹּחֵן לֵבָב וּמֵישָׁרִים תִּרְצֶה אֲנִי בְּיֹשֶׁר לְבָבִי הִתְנַדַּבְתִּי כָל־אֵלֶּה וְעַתָּה עַמְּךָ   29:17

 הַנִּמְצְאוּ־פֹה רָאִיתִי בְשִׂמְחָה לְהִתְנַדֶּב־לָךְ׃

1Chr. 29:17   “And I know, my God, that You examine the heart and must be pleased with uprightness.  In the uprightness of my heart I have willingly offered all these things, and now I have seen Your people who is found here willingly offering to You with joy.”

יְהוָה אֱלֹהֵי אַבְרָהָם יִצְחָק וְיִשְׂרָאֵל אֲבֹתֵינוּ שֳׁמְרָה־זֹּאת לְעוֹלָם לְיֵצֶר מַחְשְׁבוֹת לְבַב עַמֶּךָ וְהָכֵן   29:18

 לְבָבָם אֵלֶיךָ׃

1Chr. 29:18   Lord, God of Abraham, Isaac, and Israel, our fathers, watch this forever according to the purpose of the plans of the heart of Your people -- and direct their heart to You.”

וְלִשְׁלֹמֹה בְנִי תֵּן לֵבָב שָׁלֵם לִשְׁמוֹר מִצְוֺתֶיךָ עֵדְוֺתֶיךָ וְחֻקֶּיךָ וְלַעֲשׂוֹת הַכֹּל וְלִבְנוֹת הַבִּירָה   29:19

 אֲשֶׁר־הֲכִינוֹתִי׃

1Chr. 29:19   “And to Solomon, my son, give a whole heart to keep Your commandments, Your testimonies, and Your ordinances, and to do all, and to build the palace for which I have provided.”

וַיֹּאמֶר דָּוִיד לְכָל־הַקָּהָל בָּרְכוּ־נָא אֶת־יְהוָה אֱלֹהֵיכֶם וַיְבָרֲכוּ כָל־הַקָּהָל לַיהוָה אֱלֹהֵי אֲבֹתֵיהֶם   29:20

 וַיִּקְּדוּ וַיִּשְׁתַּחֲווּ לַיהוָה וְלַמֶּלֶךְ׃

1Chr. 29:20   Then David said to the whole congregation, “Now bless the Lord, your God.”  And all of the congregation kneeled to the Lord, God of their fathers, and bowed down and prostrated themselves to God and to the king.

וַיִּזְבְּחוּ לַיהוָה זְבָחִים וַיַּעֲלוּ עֹלוֹת לַיהוָה לְמָחֳרַת הַיּוֹם הַהוּא פָּרִים אֶלֶף אֵילִים אֶלֶף כְּבָשִׂים אֶלֶף   29:21

 וְנִסְכֵּיהֶם וּזְבָחִים לָרֹב לְכָל־יִשְׂרָאֵל׃

1Chr. 29:21   And they slaughtered sacrifices to the Lord and offered burnt offerings to the Lord in the morning after that day, a thousand bullocks, a thousand rams, a thousand lambs, with their drink offerings, and the sacrifices were enough for all Israel.

וַיֹּאכְלוּ וַיִּשְׁתּוּ לִפְנֵי יְהוָה בַּיּוֹם הַהוּא בְּשִׂמְחָה גְדוֹלָה וַיַּמְלִיכוּ שֵׁנִית לִשְׁלֹמֹה בֶן־דָּוִיד וַיִּמְשְׁחוּ   29:22

לַיהוָה לְנָגִיד וּלְצָדוֹק לְכֹהֵן׃

1Chr. 29:22   And they ate and drank before the Lord on that day with great joy.  And they made Solomon son of David for king the second time, and anointed to the Lord to be ruler, and for Zadok to be priest.

וַיֵּשֶׁב שְׁלֹמֹה עַל־כִּסֵּא יְהוָה לְמֶלֶךְ תַּחַת־דָּוִיד אָבִיו וַיַּצְלַח וַיִּשְׁמְעוּ אֵלָיו כָּל־יִשְׂרָאֵל׃   29:23

1Chr. 29:23   And Solomon sat on the throne of the Lord as king in place of David, his father, and all of Israel prospered, and listened to him.

וְכָל־הַשָּׂרִים וְהַגִּבֹּרִים וְגַם כָּל־בְּנֵי הַמֶּלֶךְ דָּוִיד נָתְנוּ יָד תַּחַת שְׁלֹמֹה הַמֶּלֶךְ׃   29:24

1Chr. 29:24   And all the princes and the mighty men, and also all the sons of the king, David, gave a hand under Solomon, the king.

וַיְגַדֵּל יְהוָה אֶת־שְׁלֹמֹה לְמַעְלָה לְעֵינֵי כָּל־יִשְׂרָאֵל וַיִּתֵּן עָלָיו הוֹד מַלְכוּת אֲשֶׁר לֹא־הָיָה   29:25

עַל־כָּל־מֶלֶךְ לְפָנָיו עַל־יִשְׂרָאֵל׃

1Chr. 29:25   And the Lord made Solomon great more than in the eyes of all Israel, and bestowed upon him such royal majesty as had not been upon any king before him over Israel.

וְדָוִיד בֶּן־יִשָׁי מָלַךְ עַל־כָּל־יִשְׂרָאֵל׃   29:26

1Chr. 29:26   Now David son of Jesse had been king over all Israel,

וְהַיָּמִים אֲשֶׁר מָלַךְ עַל־יִשְׂרָאֵל אַרְבָּעִים שָׁנָה בְּחֶבְרוֹן מָלַךְ שֶׁבַע שָׁנִים וּבִירוּשָׁלִַם מָלַךְ שְׁלֹשִׁים   29:27

 וְשָׁלוֹשׁ׃

1Chr. 29:27   and the time that he reigned over Israel was forty years; he was king seven years in Hebron and he was king thirty-three in Jerusalem.

וַיָּמָת בְּשֵׂיבָה טוֹבָה שְׂבַע יָמִים עֹשֶׁר וְכָבוֹד וַיִּמְלֹךְ שְׁלֹמֹה בְנוֹ תַּחְתָּיו׃   29:28

1Chr. 29:28   And he died in good old age, having had enough days, wealth, and glory, and Solomon, his son, became king in his place.

וְדִבְרֵי דָּוִיד הַמֶּלֶךְ הָרִאשֹׁנִים וְהָאֲחרֹנִים הִנָּם כְּתוּבִים עַל־דִּבְרֵי שְׁמוּאֵל הָרֹאֶה וְעַל־דִּבְרֵי נָתָן   29:29

 הַנָּבִיא וְעַל־דִּבְרֵי גָּד הַחֹזֶה׃

1Chr. 29:29   And the acts of David, the king, the first and the last, behold them written according to the words of Samuel, the seer, and according to the words of Nathan, the prophet, and according to the words of Gad, the seer,

עִם כָּל־מַלְכוּתוֹ וּגְבוּרָתוֹ וְהָעִתִּים אֲשֶׁר עָבְרוּ עָלָיו וְעַל־יִשְׂרָאֵל וְעַל כָּל־מַמְלְכוֹת הָאֲרָצוֹת׃   29:30

1Chr. 29:30   including all of his reign and his might, and the times that elapsed concerning him and concerning Israel and concerning all the kingdoms of the lands.

 

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