1Chronicles 15

 

Except for the names of the priests and Levites recited later in this chapter and a few other details that are not found elsewhere, this story is only a short synopsis of parts of several chapters in 2Samuel.

וַיַּעַשׂ־לוֹ בָתִּים בְּעִיר דָּוִיד וַיָּכֶן מָקוֹם לַאֲרוֹן הָאֱלֹהִים וַיֶּט־לוֹ אֹהֶל׃   15:1

1Chr. 15:1   And he made houses for himself in the city of David, and he prepared a place for the ark of God and pitched a tent for it.

אָז אָמַר דָּוִיד לֹא לָשֵׂאת אֶת־אֲרוֹן הָאֱלֹהִים כִּי אִם־הַלְוִיִּם כִּי־בָם בָּחַר יְהוָה לָשֵׂאת אֶת־אֲרוֹן   15:2

יְהוָה וּלְשָׁרְתוֹ עַד־עוֹלָם׃

1Chr. 15:2   Then David said, “None is to carry the ark of God except only the Levites, for the Lord chose among them to carry the ark of God and to serve Him forever.

וַיַּקְהֵל דָּוִיד אֶת־כָּל־יִשְׂרָאֵל אֶל־יְרוּשָׁלִָם לְהַעֲלוֹת אֶת־אֲרוֹן יְהוָה אֶל־מְקוֹמוֹ אֲשֶׁר־הֵכִין לוֹ׃   15:3

1Chr. 15:3   And David gathered all Israel to Jerusalem for bringing up the ark of the Lord to its place that he had prepared for it.

וַיֶּאֱסֹף דָּוִיד אֶת־בְּנֵי אַהֲרֹן וְאֶת־הַלְוִיִּם׃   15:4

1Chr. 15:4   And David gathered the sons of Aaron, and the Levites:

לִבְנֵי קְהָת אוּרִיאֵל הַשָּׂר וְאֶחָיו מֵאָה וְעֶשְׂרִים׃   15:5

1Chr. 15:5   Belonging to the sons of Kohath were Uriel, the leader, his brethren, one hundred and twenty;

לִבְנֵי מְרָרִי עֲשָׂיָה הַשָּׂר וְאֶחָיו מָאתַיִם וְעֶשְׂרִים׃   15:6

1Chr. 15:6   belonging to the sons of Merari were Asaiah, the leader, and his brethren, two hundred and twenty;

לִבְנֵי גֵּרְשׁוֹם יוֹאֵל הַשָּׂר וְאֶחָיו מֵאָה וּשְׁלֹשִׁים׃   15:7

1Chr. 15:7   belonging to the sons of Gershom were Joel, the leader, and his brethren, one hundred and thirty;

לִבְנֵי אֱלִיצָפָן שְׁמַעְיָה הַשָּׂר וְאֶחָיו מָאתָיִם׃   15:8

1Chr. 15:8   belonging to the sons of Elizaphan were Shemaiah, the leader, and his brethren, two hundred;

לִבְנֵי חֶבְרוֹן אֱלִיאֵל הַשָּׂר וְאֶחָיו שְׁמוֹנִים׃   15:9

1Chr. 15:9   belonging to the sons of Hebron were Eliel, the leader, and his brethren, eighty;

לִבְנֵי עֻזִּיאֵל עַמִּינָדָב הַשָּׂר וְאֶחָיו מֵאָה וּשְׁנֵים עָשָׂר׃   15:10

1Chr. 15:10   belonging to the sons of Uzziel were Amminadab, the leader, and his brethren, one hundred and twelve.

וַיִּקְרָא דָוִיד לְצָדוֹק וּלְאֶבְיָתָר הַכֹּהֲנִים וְלַלְוִיִּם לְאוּרִיאֵל עֲשָׂיָה וְיוֹאֵל שְׁמַעְיָה וֶאֱלִיאֵל וְעַמִּינָדָב׃   15:11

1Chr. 15:11   And David called for Zadok and Abiathar, the priests, and for the Levites, for Uriel, Asaiah, and Joel, Shemaiah, and Eliel, and Amminadab,

וַיֹּאמֶר לָהֶם אַתֶּם רָאשֵׁי הָאָבוֹת לַלְוִיִּם הִתְקַדְּשׁוּ אַתֶּם וַאֲחֵיכֶם וְהַעֲלִיתֶם אֵת אֲרוֹן יְהוָה אֱלֹהֵי   15:12

 יִשְׂרָאֵל אֶל־הֲכִינוֹתִי לוֹ׃

1Chr. 15:12   and he said to them, “You are the heads of the Levites' households.  Sanctify yourselves, you and your brethren, so you can bring up the ark of the Lord, God of Israel, to my place prepared for it.”

כִּי לְמַבָּרִאשׁוֹנָה לֹא אַתֶּם פָּרַץ יְהוָה אֱלֹהֵינוּ בָּנוּ כִּי־לֹא דְרַשְׁנֻהוּ כַּמִּשְׁפָּט׃   15:13

1Chr. 15:13   “Because you did not at the earlier time, the Lord, our God, burst among us, for we did not inquire of Him according to ordinance.”

Here we see pretty definitively that David did blame himself for not inquiring of the Lord before moving the ark.  See 1Chr. 13:11.

וַיִּתְקַדְּשׁוּ הַכֹּהֲנִים וְהַלְוִיִּם לְהַעֲלוֹת אֶת־אֲרוֹן יְהוָה אֱלֹהֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל׃   15:14

1Chr. 15:14   Then the priests and the Levites sanctified themselves to bring up the ark of the Lord, God of Israel.

וַיִּשְׂאוּ בְנֵי־הַלְוִיִּם אֵת אֲרוֹן הָאֱלֹהִים כַּאֲשֶׁר צִוָּה מֹשֶׁה כִּדְבַר יְהוָה בִּכְתֵפָם בַּמֹּטוֹת עֲלֵיהֶם׃   15:15

1Chr. 15:15   And the sons of the Levites carried the ark of God, as Moses had commanded according to the word of the Lord, on their shoulder with the staves above them.

וַיֹּאמֶר דָּוִיד לְשָׂרֵי הַלְוִיִּם לְהַעֲמִיד אֶת־אֲחֵיהֶם הַמְשֹׁרְרִים בִּכְלֵי־שִׁיר נְבָלִים וְכִנֹּרוֹת וּמְצִלְתָּיִם   15:16

 מַשְׁמִיעִים לְהָרִים־בְּקוֹל לְשִׂמְחָה׃

1Chr. 15:16   And David spoke to the leaders of the Levites to set up their brethren, the singers, with musical instruments, psalteries and harps and cymbals sounding aloud, lifting up voice for joy.

וַיַּעֲמִידוּ הַלְוִיִּם אֵת הֵימָן בֶּן־יֹואֵל וּמִן־אֶחָיו אָסָף בֶּן־בֶּרֶכְיָהוס וּמִן־בְּנֵי מְרָרִי אֲחֵיהֶם אֵיתָן   15:17

 בֶּן־קוּשָׁיָהוּ׃

1Chr. 15:17   And the Levites appointed Heman son of Joel, and from his brethren was Asaph son of Berechiah, and from the sons of Merari, their brethren, was Ethan son of Kushaiah.

וְעִמָּהֶם אֲחֵיהֶם הַמִּשְׁנִים זְכַרְיָהוּ בֵּן וְיַעֲזִיאֵל וּשְׁמִירָמוֹת וִיחִיאֵל וְעֻנִּי אֱלִיאָב וּבְנָיָהוּ וּמַעֲשֵׂיָהוּ   15:18

וּמַתִּתְיָהוּ וֶאֱלִיפְלֵהוּ וּמִקְנֵיָהוּ וְעֹבֵד אֱדֹם וִיעִיאֵל הַשֹּׁעֲרִים׃

1Chr. 15:18   And were with them their brethren of second degree, Zechariah, Ben, and Jaaziel, and Shemiramoth, and Jehiel, and Unni, and Eliab, and Benaiah, and Maaseiah, and Mattithiah, and Eliphalehu, and Obed-edom, and Jeieh, the porters.

וְהַמְשֹׁרְרִים הֵימָן אָסָף וְאֵיתָן בִּמְצִלְתַּיִם נְחֹשֶׁת לְהַשְׁמִיעַ׃   15:19

1Chr. 15:19   And the singers, Heman, Asaph, and Ethan were sounding on loud cymbals of brass.

וּזְכַרְיָה וַעֲזִיאֵל וּשְׁמִירָמוֹת וִיחִיאֵל וְעֻנִּי וֶאֱלִיאָב וּמַעֲשֵׂיָהוּ וּבְנָיָהוּ בִּנְבָלִים עַל־עֲלָמוֹת׃   15:20

1Chr. 15:20   And Zechariah, and Aziel, and Shemiramoth, and Jehiel, and Unni, and Eliab, and Maaseiah, and Benaiah, were with psalteries on alamoth.

וּמַתִּתְיָהוּ וֶאֱלִיפְלֵהוּ וּמִקְנֵיָהוּ וְעֹבֵד אֱדֹם וִיעִיאֵל וַעֲזַזְיָהוּ בְּכִנֹּרוֹת עַל־הַשְּׁמִינִית לְנַצֵּחַ׃   15:21

1Chr. 15:21   And Mattithiah, and Eliphalehu, and Mikneiahu, and Obed-edom, and Jeiel, and Azaziah were with harps, beside the sheminith for the leader.

וּכְנַנְיָהוּ שַׂר־הַלְוִיִּם בְּמַשָּׂא יָסֹר בַּמַּשָּׂא כִּי מֵבִין הוּא׃   15:22

1Chr. 15:22   And Chenaniah, chief of the Levites, was into singing; he was an expert in song because of being talented.                                                                                          [Return to 2Chr. 35:9]

וּבֶרֶכְיָה וְאֶלְקָנָה שֹׁעֲרִים לָאָרוֹן׃   15:23

1Chr. 15:23   And Berechiah and Elkanah were the gatekeepers for the ark.

וּשְׁבַנְיָהוּ וְיֹושָׁפָט וּנְתַנְאֵל וַעֲמָשַׂי וּזְכַרְיָהוּ וּבְנָיָהוּ וֶאֱלִיעֶזֶר הַכֹּהֲנִים (מַחֲצֹצְרִים) [מַחְצְרִים   15:24

 בַּחֲצֹצְרֹות לִפְנֵי אֲרֹון הָאֱלֹהִים וְעֹבֵד אֱדֹם וִיחִיָּה שֹׁעֲרִים לָאָרֹון׃

1Chr. 15:24   And Shebaniah, and Joshaphat, and Nethanel, and Amasai, and Zechariah, and Beniah, and Eliezer, the priests, were blowing on trumpets before the ark of God.  And Obed-edom and Jehiah were gatekeepers for the ark.

Here in the parentheses we find a rather interesting error.  The word, translated as were blowing [on trumpets], is spelled with an extra tsadi, and the correction is after the right bracket.  But the following word, translated as on trumpets, has the extra tsadi and is not an error.  Most peculiar it is, but the Hebrew root verb for to blow on trumpets has only one tsadi, while the root noun for trumpet has two tsadis.                                [Return to 2Chr. 29:28]

וַיְהִי דָוִיד וְזִקְנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל וְשָׂרֵי הָאֲלָפִים הַהֹלְכִים לְהַעֲלוֹת אֶת־אֲרוֹן בְּרִית־יְהוָה מִן־בֵּית עֹבֵד־אֱדֹם   15:25

 בְּשִׂמְחָה׃

1Chr. 15:25   So it was, David and the elders of Israel and the captains of thousands were going to bring up the ark of the covenant of the Lord from the house of Obed-edom with joy.

וַיְהִי בֶּעְזֹר הָאֱלֹהִים אֶת־הַלְוִיִּם נֹשְׂאֵי אֲרוֹן בְּרִית־יְהוָה וַיִּזְבְּחוּ שִׁבְעָה־פָרִים וְשִׁבְעָה אֵילִים׃   15:26

1Chr. 15:26   And it was, with God helping the Levites, bearers of the ark of the covenant of the Lord, that they sacrificed seven bullocks and seven rams.

וְדָוִיד מְכֻרְבָּל בִּמְעִיל בּוּץ וְכָל־הַלְוִיִּם הַנֹּשְׂאִים אֶת־הָאָרוֹן וְהַמְשֹׁרְרִים וּכְנַנְיָה הַשַּׂר הַמַּשָּׂא   15:27

 הַמְשֹׁרְרִים וְעַל־דָּוִיד אֵפוֹד בָּד׃

1Chr. 15:27   And David was mantled in a robe of fine white linen, as were all the Levites bearing the ark and the singers and Chenaniah, the song leader of the singers, but upon David was a linen ephod.

וְכָל־יִשְׂרָאֵל מַעֲלִים אֶת־אֲרוֹן בְּרִית־יְהוָה בִּתְרוּעָה וּבְקוֹל שׁוֹפָר וּבַחֲצֹצְרוֹת וּבִמְצִלְתָּיִם מַשְׁמִעִים   15:28

 בִּנְבָלִים וְכִנֹּרוֹת׃

1Chr. 15:28   So all Israel were bringing up the ark of the covenant of the Lord with shouting, and with the sound of the shophar, and with trumpets, and with cymbals sounding aloud, with psalteries and harps.

וַיְהִי אֲרוֹן בְּרִית יְהוָה בָּא עַד־עִיר דָּוִיד וּמִיכַל בַּת־שָׁאוּל נִשְׁקְפָה בְּעַד הַחַלּוֹן וַתֵּרֶא אֶת־הַמֶּלֶךְ   15:29

 דָּוִיד מְרַקֵּד וּמְשַׂחֵק וַתִּבֶז לוֹ בְּלִבָּהּ׃

1Chr. 15:29   And it was, the ark of the covenant of the Lord was coming up to the city of David, that Michal daughter of Saul was looking down through a window and saw the king, David, dancing and being merry, and she had disdain for him in her heart.

 

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